Germany's Sustainable Development Strategy | Federal Government (2022)

In order to ensure that important areas of human coexistence are on the right track by 2030, the 193 member states of the United Nations have defined 17 goals for sustainable global development, ranging from combating hunger and poverty to affordable and clean energy, climate protection and the creation of viable, sustainable cities.

The German Sustainable Development Strategy has also been oriented towards these 17 global goals since 2016.

Germany'sSustainable Development Strategy | Federal Government (1)

The Federal Cabinet approved their further development on the 10 March 2021.

The inclusion of the 17 sustainability goals (SDGs) has brought the German Sustainable Development Strategy to a wider international audience. This means that in order to achieve these objectives by 2030, the Federal Government will be looking beyond Germany to the global level, as Germany also has the ability to implement development assistance funds and measures to exert international influence in implementing the respective goals.

More rapid implementation

All countries around the world must intensify their efforts as it is not possible to meet the sustainability goals at the current pace. Failure to do so would make it impossible to achieve such goals as the eradication of poverty and hunger, which are widespread in many countries, by 2030.

(Video) What we do: The German Sustainable Development Strategy

For example, the Federal Government aims to advance the energy transition in Germany, thereby also contributing to the fight against climate change. Another sustainable development objective is gender equality (SDG 5), which concerns such issues as equal pay for men and women and ensuring an appropriate proportion of female managers in companies.

Ambitious transformation required

Achieving the objectives of the German Sustainable Development Strategy and the 2030 Agenda will require an ambitious transformation, which is why the Federal Government plans to take action in important areas such as the energy sector, climate protection, the circular economy, housing, transport, food, and agriculture.

The Federal Government’s coalition agreement refers to the need for a transformation of various aspects of the economy and society.

Sustainability in concrete terms: protecting the climate and public health

In relation to energy production and climate protection, the Sustainable Development Strategy, which was further refined in 2021, promotes more rapid implementation of the 13th Global Sustainability Goal ("climate protection measures"). The Federal Government passed a Climate Protection Act to this end in 2019, which was amended in 2021: according to this, Germany is to achieve greenhouse gas neutrality by 2045. Steadily decreasing emission levels have already been specified for this purpose.

In terms of the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) "Health and Wellbeing" (SDG 3), the Federal Government is committed to improving global health, not least with a view to combating so-called zoonoses, i.e., infectious diseases that can occur in both animals and humans.

Setbacks due to the Covid-19 pandemic

In terms of timing and substance, the Sustainable Development Strategy was last updated against the backdrop of the Covid-19 pandemic, which highlighted how severe an impact any threat to the third sustainability goal, "Health and Wellbeing", can have on all areas of life and consequently on all other sustainability goals.

(Video) What we do: The German Sustainable Development Strategy

Setbacks in global poverty reduction have occurred as a result of the pandemic. In contrast, there has been an increase in awareness of the importance of the fundamental resources, which has led to renewed debate about the best way to move towards a sustainable future.

Much remains to be done

An expert report on sustainability policy (Peer Review) published in June 2018 and the various public dialogue events held in 2019/2020 included praise for the existing German Sustainable Development Strategy as well as indicating a need for further change.

Experience of implementing the 2030 Agenda to date, both at the national and global levels, has shown that we are capable of increasing our sustainability. At the same time it is clear that we still have much to do, as in many areas, even in Germany, we are still a long way from a sustainable economy and lifestyle.

In August 2021, the Federal Government published a paper on the outlook for the 2030 Agenda, in which it emphasised the need for significant progress. The paper reviews the sustainability policy challenges for the legislative period following the Bundestag elections in September 2021.

Broad participation in the update process

Under the chairmanship of the Head of the Chancellery, all ministries and the State Secretaries' Committee for Sustainable Development participated in the development of the Sustainable Development Strategy between 2019 and 2021. Comments from the public received during an online consultation conducted by the Federal Government's Press and Information Office were also included, as were position statements received from the "Sustainability Forum", which the Chancellor's Office invites leading stakeholders in the field of sustainability to take part in every year.

With the involvement of all relevant social stakeholders, the Federal Government will continue pursue the strategy and its implementation with dedication and commitment. A comprehensive review and update of the strategy is scheduled for 2023/2024.

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A Sustainable Development Strategy was first adopted in 2002 and was then updated at regular intervals. In each case, the respective adapted strategy determines the trajectory of sustainable development in our country.

Sustainability means only felling as many trees as can grow back; living off the yield rather than from the substance.In terms of society, this means that each generation must solve its own challenges and not burden future generations with them.

Everyone has a part to play when it comes to sustainability . Decisions on sustainability are made by investors, producers, and consumers, whereby it is not about an ethic of sacrifice. Instead, what it requires is imagination, creativity, and technical know-how to promote patterns of production and consumption that are environmentally friendly and conserve resources. To this end, everyone from employees and companies, trade unions and business associations, to universities and research institutions, must play an active role in shaping structural change.

The guiding principles of sustainability

Intergenerational justice, quality of life, social cohesion, and international responsibility are the guiding principles of the German Sustainable Development Strategy. Based on these guiding principles, the Sustainable Development Strategy sets out a number of indicators with medium- and long-term targets.

Germany is on the right track: we now generate about 43 percent of our electricity from renewable energy sources, which significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

Looking forward

The United Nations committed to sustainable development as a guiding principle back in 1992, when aglobal action programme known as "Agenda 21” was adopted in Rio de Janeiro. Each of the more than 170 signatory states agreed to implement the guiding principle at the national level in all policy areas with the participation of the general public and the commercial sector. Germany was among the countries that signed the agreement.

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The Federal Government presented the National Sustainable Development Strategy "Perspectives for Germany” in 2002. A programme of measures adopted in 2010 identified a number of tasks and objectives aimed at achieving the sustainability goals within the Federal Government's sphere of responsibility.

Programme of measures and reports(only German)

Both the strategy and the individual measures undergo continuous revision and development, and the Federal Government publishes regular progress reports every four years. Indicator reports published at two-year intervals provide detailed information on the development of the core areas of sustainable policy in Germany.

An ongoing task

Sustainable development means using vision, imagination, and creativity to shape the future, and having the courage to try new things and explore unfamiliar avenues. It is about how we would like to live in the future, and how we respond to issues of the globalised world both in the economy and in society.

As such, the content of the strategy is comprehensive but not exhaustive: it informs policy reforms as well as providing a basis for changing the behaviour of businesses and consumers.

Well beyond the ecological challenges, the concept serves as an action guide for a comprehensive sustainable policy. It is about accepting cross-generational responsibility for economically, ecologically, and socially sustainable development.

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What has Germany done for sustainable development? ›

Based on these guiding principles, the Sustainable Development Strategy sets out a number of indicators with medium- and long-term targets. Germany is on the right track: we now generate about 43 percent of our electricity from renewable energy sources, which significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

What is the government doing about sustainable development? ›

Current flagship policies and programmes of Government of India such as Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP), Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) and Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) have substantially ...

What are the 5 P's that the SDG goals focus on? ›

At a broad level, IMF engagement on the SDGs is aligned with the five SDG pillars of people, prosperity, planet, peace, and partnership.

How is Germany becoming sustainable? ›

In electricity production, Germany aims to raise the share of renewables from 17% today to more than 80% in 2050, while completely phasing out electricity production from nuclear power plants by 2022. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions would be cut by 40% by 2020 and at least 80% by 2050.

Is Germany a leader in sustainability? ›

Germany has historically been a global leader in renewable-energy research, thanks to its sustainable-energy agenda and high levels of public funding.
Top 10 solar-cell producers in 2016.
9Canadian SolarCanada*
10Shungfeng GroupMainland China
9 more rows
27 Mar 2019

How does the federal government help the environment? ›

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets limits on certain air pollutants. It also enforces federal laws on clean water and safe drinking water. The EPA also enforces federal regulations to limit the impact of businesses on the environment.

What are the 3 main focuses of sustainable development? ›

For sustainable development to be achieved, it is crucial to harmonize three core elements: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. These elements are interconnected and all are crucial for the well-being of individuals and societies.

What are the goals of sustainable government? ›

The Global Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development seek to end poverty and hunger, realise the human rights of all, achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, and ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources.

What are the 4 pillars of sustainable development? ›

Introducing the four pillars of sustainability; Human, Social, Economic and Environmental.

What is sustainable development short essay? ›

To sum it up, sustainable development continuously seeks to achieve social and economic progress in ways which will not exhaust the Earth's finite natural resources. Thus, we must all develop ways to meet these needs so that our future generations can inherit a healthier and greener planet.

Why is SDG No 5 important? ›

Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world.

What are the 9 targets of SDG 5? ›

What we do - Focus area
  • Ending violence against women.
  • Peace and security.
  • Humanitarian action.
  • Leadership and governance.
  • Economic empowerment.
  • Innovation and technology.
  • Women with disabilities.
  • Youth.
23 Aug 2022

How many targets are in 17 Sustainable Development Goals SDGs? ›

In 2015, all the countries in the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It sets out 17 Goals, which include 169 targets.

Why is Germany a sustainable country? ›

Germany is one of the most sustainable industrial countries. Many companies are committing to their social responsibility. Germany is one of the world's most sustainable industrialised nations. The country does particularly well with regard to growth, employment, social security and environmental protection.

Which country has the best sustainable development? ›

The overall score measures the total progress towards achieving all 17 SDGs. The score can be interpreted as a percentage of SDG achievement. A score of 100 indicates that all SDGs have been achieved.
152 more rows

Do Germans care about sustainability? ›

Concerns about the environment are among the most important issues for consumers. For 74 percent of Germans, environmental pollution is a serious problem, and 69 percent fear climate change. Almost two-thirds (68 percent) of Germans demand that companies act sustainably.

Who is the leading country in sustainability? ›

Finland tops the UN's list. According to the 2022 Sustainable Development Report from the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, the most sustainable country in the world is Finland.

Does Germany have good governance? ›

Germany has one of the most solid corporate governance systems in the world owing to both its well-balanced control mechanisms and capital preservation and market transparency rules, but also because of the equal opportunities it guarantees to women and men.

Which country is leading the way in sustainability? ›

1. Sweden. Sweden is by far the most sustainable country within the world. The country has the highest renewable energy usage, lowest carbon emissions, as well as this Sweden has some of the best education programs.

What are two federal laws passed to protect the environment? ›

Federal Law

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was passed in 1970 along with the Environmental Quality Improvement Act and the National Environmental Education Act.

What is the federal government doing about climate change? ›

Reaching 100% carbon pollution-free electricity by 2035. Achieving a net-zero emissions economy by 2050. Delivering 40% of the benefits from federal investments in climate and clean energy to disadvantaged communities.

What are 3 federal agencies with environmental responsibilities? ›

National Government Agencies
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ...
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
  • U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
  • U.S. Forest Service (USDA)
  • U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
17 Nov 2022

What is the most important sustainable development goal? ›

The SDGs aim to end all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, making sure all people–especially children–have sufficient and nutritious food all year. This involves promoting sustainable agricultural, supporting small-scale farmers and equal access to land, technology and markets.

What are the 6 major goals of sustainability? ›

The 17 SDGs are: No poverty, zero hunger, good health and well-being, quality education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable and clean energy, decent work and economic growth, industry, innovation and infrastructure, Reduced Inequality, Sustainable Cities and Communities, Responsible Consumption and ...

What is meant by sustainability of government? ›

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 committed the United States to sustainability, declaring it a national policy “to create and maintain conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present and future ...

What are the 3 types of sustainability? ›

In any community in which economic activities are carried out in a specific environment, we find three interconnected forms of sustainability: environmental, economic and social.

How many types of sustainable development are there? ›

The three types of sustainable development are: Economic viability. Environmental protection. Social equity.

What is the main conclusion of sustainable development? ›

Sustainable development is largely about people, their well-being, and equity in their relationships with each other, in a context where nature-society imbalances can threaten economic and social stability.

What is sustainable development full answer? ›

Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

What is meant by sustainable development explain in your own words? ›

"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

Which SDG is the least important? ›

3,500 leaders surveyed across developed and developing countries found that life below water and marine conservation is very consistently under considered as 'the least important of the United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals – which act as a checklist of priorities to help developing countries and aid ...

How can SDG 5 Be Achieved? ›

ADOPT AND STRENGTHEN POLICIES AND ENFORCEABLE LEGISLATION FOR GENDER EQUALITY. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.

What is the theme of SDG 2022? ›

The Earth Day 2022 theme is 'Invest In Our Planet'. To receive SDG event notices, news and analysis in your inbox, subscribe.

Why is SDG 9 so important? ›

SDG 9 calls for building resilient and sustainable infrastructure and promotes inclusive and sustainable industrialisation. It also recognises the importance of research and innovation for finding lasting solutions to social, economic and environmental challenges.

Why is SDG 15 so important? ›

The reason SDG 15 is so impactful to our environment is because it promotes conservation, as well as biodiversity sustainably. These two facets supports the health of an ecosystem, which is vital for providing food, water, as well as ecosystem services, such as climate regulation and recreation.

Why does SDG 9 matter? ›

Sustainable Development Goal 9 seeks to build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation. This SDG encompasses three important aspects of sustainable development: infrastructure, industrialisation and innovation.

Why is SDG No 17 important? ›

SDG 17 calls for a global partnership for sustainable development. The goal highlights the importance of global macroeconomic stability and the need to mobilise financial resources for developing countries from international sources, as well as through strengthened domestic capacities for revenue collection.

Who agreed on the 17 sustainable development goals? ›

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals with 169 targets that all 191 UN Member States have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2030.

How many countries have signed the SDGs? ›

Historic New Sustainable Development Agenda Unanimously Adopted by 193 UN Members.

What is Germany doing for renewable energy? ›

For decades Germany has been the global pioneer in applying renewable energy and environmental technologies. In 2019, 46% of the country's electricity mix came from wind, solar, biomass and hydroelectric sources. That's up 5.6 percentage points over 2018.

What has Germany done to reduce greenhouse gases? ›

In its climate action, Germany is phasing out the use of coal to generate electricity, and putting its faith in renewables – this move to put Germany's energy mix on a more sustainable footing is known as the energy shift or energy transition.

Which country has the best sustainability? ›

Finland tops the UN's list. According to the 2022 Sustainable Development Report from the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, the most sustainable country in the world is Finland.

Why is Germany the most innovative country? ›

Why is Germany the most innovative country? According to the report, “Germany is the current leader in innovation – in part because of the speed it's developing new technologies like driverless cars.” The country is matchless in the process of developing ideas into products.

What is Germany's environment current issues? ›

Important challenges remain, however: waste disposal, pollution from the agriculture and transport sectors, to cite a few priorities at national level; and regional pollution and climate change at international level, where Germany has both a vital stake in ensuring progress and the will and capacity to help the ...

Is Germany an ethical country? ›

Ethics are central to daily German business practice, as is corporate social responsibility. Communication in business culture and meetings is formal and employees speak to each other politely but efficiently.

Why is Germany the most energy efficient country? ›

Germany took the top spot because of its mandatory codes requiring both residential and commercial buildings to reduce energy consumption by 20 percent, putting them at 2008 levels by 2020.

How will Germany solve its energy crisis? ›

- Germany has passed a law to bring back oil- and coal-fired power plants into the country's energy mix in case of a critical gas supply situation. This could add 10 gigawatts of reserve capacity on an interim basis in a deal that runs until March 31, 2024.

Is Germany a leader in renewable energy? ›

FRANKFURT, July 5 (Reuters) - Renewable energy accounted for 49% of German power consumption in the first half of 2022, up 6% percentage points from a year earlier thanks to favourable weather conditions, industry groups said on Tuesday.

What is the German government doing about climate change? ›

The Federal Government will make a binding reduction of 55 percent of greenhouse gases by 2030 with the Climate Action Programme 2030 and the Climate Change Act (Klimaschutzgesetz). We are moving away from coal, want to renovate more buildings to make them energy-efficient and push climate-friendly mobility forward.

How is Germany fighting global warming? ›

Germany aims to achieve carbon neutrality by 2045. It has set provisional objectives of reducing emissions by at least 65 percent by 2030 and 88 percent by 2040 compared to 1990 levels.

Why are Germany's emissions so high? ›

Europe's largest economy released the equivalent of about 762 million tons of carbon dioxide in 2021, a 4.5% increase from the previous year, mainly due to higher emissions from the energy sector, the Economy and Climate Ministry said on Tuesday. Germany has missed emissions targets for two straight years.


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