What is Self-Reliance and How to Develop It? (2022)

What is Self-Reliance and How to Develop It? (1)Self-reliance is all that it sounds like plus considerably more.

Even though Ralph Waldo Emerson may not have introduced the concept, it was he who brought it to the general public with his 1841 essay Self-Reliance.

In positive psychology, self-reliance has strong theoretical significance thanks to its implications for happiness. You’ll probably notice some overlap, or at least potential implications for self-worth, self-expression, self-knowledge, resilience, and for self-acceptance.

So, it’s not about doing everything yourself. It’s not about being financially independent, either. And it’s certainly not about shouldering every hardship you face all on your lonesome. In this article, we’ll have a look at what being self-reliant really refers to, and how we can develop it within ourselves.

Before you read on, we thought you might like to download our three Self-Compassion Exercises for free. These science-based exercises will not only help you increase the compassion and kindness you show yourself but will also give you the tools to help your clients, students or employees show compassion and develop the confidence to rely on themselves.

This Article Contains:

  • What is the Meaning of Self-Reliance?
  • The Psychology of Self-Reliance
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson and Self-Reliance
  • 3 Examples of Self-Reliance
  • The Importance of Having Self-Reliance
  • How to Develop Self-Reliance
  • 14 Self-Reliance Skills for Preschoolers
  • 3 Self-Reliance Activities for Youth (PDF)
  • The Self-Reliance Scale
  • Self-Reliance and Transcendentalism
  • Recommended YouTube Videos
  • A Take-Home Message
  • References

What is the Meaning of Self-Reliance?

Interestingly, there’s no single sentence—not even from Emerson himself—that really captures all the aspects of self-reliance in one pop.

Merriam Webster defines self-reliance simply as ‘reliance on one’s own efforts and abilities’, which doesn’t quite do the concept much justice, either.

Let’s look at the psychological mentions of self-reliance for a better understanding.

The Psychology of Self-Reliance

In an age where statistics allows almost everything to be psychometrically measured and operational definitions abound, it isn’t surprising that there’s no one definition for self-reliance.

What we do know is that the concept has been linked to ‘the self’—in its psychological sense—for at least several decades (Baumeister, 1987).

More specifically, self-reliance is consistently mentioned alongside, if not within, discussions of self-definition. What makes it unique is the approach to society that self-reliance encompasses—it has been alluded to roughly in psychological journals as:

“a reliance on internal resources to provide life with coherence (meaning) and fulfillment” (Baumeister, 1987: 171).

Ralph Waldo Emerson and Self-Reliance

As mentioned, Self-Reliance is the topic (and title) of an 1841 essay from US philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson. Born in Boston in 1803, Emerson wrote poetry and gave lectures that would greatly influence other famous names such as Henry Thoreau and Walt Whitman (IEP, 2019).

Self-Reliance contains Emerson’s beliefs and perspectives on how society negatively impacts our growth. He argues strongly that self-reliance, self-trust, and individualism, amongst other things, are ways that we can avoid the conformity imposed upon us. Or, he also argues, that we quite frequently impose upon ourselves.

It’s a powerful piece of work, and although I’ll try to isolate the most heavily emphasized aspects, it is definitely worth reading in its entirety. If you’d rather listen, there’s also a link to the free audiobook at the end of this article.

3 Examples of Self-Reliance

Many things can be construed from Emerson’s writings. Here are a few examples of some key concepts that shine through in his seminal essay, Self-Reliance.

1. Thinking Independently

The ability to think autonomously goes hand in hand with trusting your own instinct. Lots of Emerson’s work centered on how people tend to ‘hide behind’ what they’ve learned from society, or significant others within society. He believed this was mere imitation and was linked with a lack of confidence in one’s own intuition and rational capabilities.

Basically, if you (or I, or anyone) believe in something, and consider that it holds merit after thinking it through, there should be nothing holding us back from voicing it with confidence. Not to do so, Emerson believed, is to conform to societal expectations for no good reason.

2. Embracing Your Individuality

As a more practical example, we can imagine that Bella has parents who are both lawyers. They want nothing more than for Bella to follow in their footsteps and are encouraged by her excellent grades at school.

At home, however, Bella finds that she’s spending every spare minute writing poetry. She wants to make a difference to the world and touch people’s lives through verse. This is where she finds her greatest happiness and decides instead to pursue a career as a poet instead.

3. Striving Towards Your Own Goals, Bravely

In an extension of the above, Bella seeks to take steps toward achieving her own goals of becoming a poet. She’s aware that she’ll receive a lot more emotional and financial support by following her parents’ dreams, but she’s willing to take her chances. Because Bella believes in ‘cause and effect’ (Emerson, 1967), and that purposeful action will get her there. She isn’t overly concerned about rejection by her parents, because she just wants to be herself.

These three examples are based on the key arguments in Emerson’s original paper on self-reliance, and represent the three concepts most closely related to individualism. It’s important to remember that self-reliance is not about cutting yourself off from everybody.

That is, being true to yourself, being capable of independent thought, knowing your own loves and being able to pursue them independently of others’ judgments is not the same as isolating yourself from society.

While Emerson does expand considerably on the value of solitude, the idea of social networks—of having friends—features strongly in his work. We’ll touch on these shortly when we look at how to develop self-reliance.

The Importance of Having Self-Reliance

Having self-reliance is important for several reasons. The most obvious being that depending on others for help, means there will be times when it’s not available.

But let’s dig a little deeper to understand how and why you can use this concept to flourish, grow, find, and nurture happiness. Self-reliance is also important because it:

  • Means you can solve problems and make decisions by yourself. This is critical as we grow older and learn to live independently;
  • Allows you to feel happy by yourself, in yourself, and about yourself—without needing to rely on others;
  • Involves developing self-acceptance, a very powerful thing to have;
  • Involves acquiring self-knowledge and practicing self-compassion;
  • Gives you perspective, which in turn…
  • Gives you direction.

Of course, the list is very far from exhaustive. If you have personally experienced, or believe other important benefits from becoming self-reliant, please do share them.

How to Develop Self-Reliance

Whether you want to develop self-reliance yourself, or you’d like to help your child on their own journey of development, here are some tips.

In an article on developing self-reliance, mental health counselor Mandy Kloppers offers several practical steps.

(Video) Developing Self-Reliance (1951)

Her main tips include (Kloppers, 2019):

1. Accepting yourself, and being your own best friend.

Learning and appreciating your own character strengths is very important in being able to support yourself as you go through life. What are your character strengths? Are you kind? Curious? Brave? Don’t forget to reflect on your achievements and the things you accomplish that make you feel proud. It’s important not to put yourself down or sabotage your own efforts.

2. Inner confidence.

In society, we’re conditioned to feel happy when we receive compliments, praise, and reassurance from others. If that’s not forthcoming, we can feel insecure or vulnerable, sometimes even helpless. Being self-reliant involves the ability to feel confident in yourself when these aren’t around—because they may not always be. Not sure what to be confident about? Try one of these activities to increase your sense of self-worth.

3. Making our own decisions.

Kloppers advises against looking consistently outside for security and relying on others to accept us for who we are. When we can accept ourselves as unique and practice non-judgment, we can find security from inner sources.

This rational, independent thinking is something we’ve already touched on. As children, we learn to look to others for guidance when solving problems or making decisions. The tendency becomes ingrained within us, and as adults, we aren’t always capable of handling adversity in a way that we feel sure about. Have confidence in your own capabilities and it becomes a lot easier to find security within.

4. Recognize and manage dependence.

Becoming aware of when you tend to turn to others is a part of self-knowledge. We may know that we turn to others for certain things, but sometimes this means we’re missing out on a chance to build up our own confidence. Setting goals and achieving them your own way not only gives you a sense of accomplishment and reward but greater belief in your own judgment.

5. Accept yourself for who you are.

Self-acceptance is a huge thing. Instead of looking to others for approval, it’s alright to give that approval yourself. Seeking others’ acceptance is yet another way that we practice dependence on others, and it can be a pervasive, hard-to-shake habit. To develop self-reliance, we need to notice these tendencies before we can change them. But it’s worth it.

You can read Kloppers’ article in its original post.

We can also draw some very clear inferences directly from Emerson’s essay itself. From this, some more ways to develop self-reliance include:

1. Having your own values.

Society’s values may not be aligned with our own deep-rooted beliefs. This can be at such a subconscious level that we don’t always pick up on it. If society values one thing, and it’s not congruent with our own, we can feel as though it’s hard to gain acceptance.

For example, you may value diversity and inclusiveness but maybe work somewhere that doesn’t also value such a culture. This creates cognitive dissonance that can be unpleasant to deal with (Fostinger, 1957).

2. Not relying on ‘things’ to feel happiness.

Emerson also argued strongly about the negative potential influences of material possessions; he was of the belief that we live in materialistic times. Life is constantly changing if we tie our happiness to external objects, what happens when they’re gone?

3. Decide who you want to be, and how you want to get there.

Pretty much, this is almost the same as having your own values. Except that once we know our own values, we can understand what makes us happy and how we would like to live our lives. Then, we exercise our own judgment about how we want to get there.

Arguably, these aren’t the only ways we can develop self-reliance. It’s also true that children will often need much simpler approaches to learning that can often start at a more practical level. Learning to tie one’s own shoelaces, take on little jobs, and so forth.

14 Self-Reliance Skills for Preschoolers

Self-reliance begins at an early age; at least, some basic elements of it definitely do.

Other aspects of self-concept take a little more time to really develop—such as learning to view ourselves as independent and challenging others’ perspectives.

Examples of self-reliance skills for preschoolers are far more simple. According to preschool director and author Carolyn Tomlin, self-reliance includes:

1. Solving Problems Themselves

Of course, these will be problems that can reasonably be considered within the cognitive and physical capabilities of K1 and K2 kids. Teachers and parents can offer preschoolers support and help during the process while allowing them the freedom to trial-and-error and exercise discretion (Vygotsky, 1978).

2. Making Their Own Rules For Play

As kids play, there are times when teachers can step back and let them establish their own rules for games and make-believe. Through this, they can develop their own boundaries (NIDirect.gov.uk, 2019).

3. Scheduling Routine Tasks

Tomlin suggests parents and educators start small and work their way up gradually. That is, an adult can make the child a timetable for chores that they are expected to complete. Kids can check these off as they complete them or put a star beside the task. Over time, these chores will adapt to suit a kids level of development, but they can start simple, like feeding a pet or cleaning their play area.

4. Managing Their Time

This builds on the previous skill. As they grow, kids can learn to start doing the timetabling for themselves. A nice exercise for this is included in the next section on Self-Reliance Activities for Youth.

5. Developing Independent Thought

Giving kids options allows them to think and choose for themselves. This is the first step toward independent thought at a much higher level later on.

6. Making Friends

Emerson described the joy of friendship as (1967): “the spiritual inspiration that comes…when you discover that someone else believes in you and is willing to trust you with a friendship”. As kids make friends, they learn to build up positive images of themselves while expressing care and empathy for their peers.

7. Completing What They Begin

When the initial fun wears off, the temptation to just walk away from an activity is pretty familiar to most of us. This is despite the fact that perseverance can often lead to incredibly rewarding and intrinsically motivating results. Teaching kids to complete small tasks that they get started on is a good way to help them develop self-knowledge, self-discipline, and pursue larger goals (Locke & Latham, 1990).

8. Tidying Up After Themselves

Such a basic self-reliance skill that most of us probably can’t recall when or where we learned it the first time around. For preschoolers, it provides a sense of stability and predictability—but more importantly, a means for achieving it. This can be valuable for dealing with turmoil or adversity in more serious scenarios.

9. Asking for help

In order to learn, and to eventually make rational, individual decisions, kids shouldn’t be afraid to reach out for help when they need it. Being comfortable with yourself, as Emerson argued, is a key part of being self-reliant (Emerson, 1967). Even if that means asking others for guidance or clarification (Warburton, 2016).

In another look at self-reliance in children, Prime Performance Psychologist Dr. Jim Taylor offers up some broader categories for self-reliance skills in kids (Taylor, 2018):

1. Cognitive Skills – gathering and rationally analyzing information to solve problems and make decisions;

2. Emotional Skills – Managing emotions responsibly. This is very similar to the Emotional Intelligence concept of Emotional Regulation, and applies to our social interactions with others;

3. Behavioral Skills – These include working and studying, though at the preschool level they will still be relevant at a much, much simpler level;

4. Interpersonal Skills – Making friends, communicating, and related skills;

5. Practical Skills – Here, Taylor describes activities in everyday life, just like the chores suggested by Tomlin above. For preschoolers, this could mean tidying up their toys, feeding a pet, or similar.

In this next part, some more specific activities and PDFs that will hopefully give a better sense of how both preschoolers and older kids can develop self-reliance.

3 Self-Reliance Activities for Youth (PDF)

If you’re a teacher, parent, or are involved in youth work, here are three activities (as PDFs) that you can easily download and use as resources. There are a few different elements of self-reliance within these, including simple practical tasks that younger ones can easily get a hold of.

(Video) Trust Yourself - The Art Of Self Reliance

1. I am and I can

This one’s a group activity that’s best suited for younger children of about KS1 or KS2.

The underpinning theory of this exercise is that kids can develop a sense of their own competence by learning to identify their own strengths as a person. These can include unique capabilities, talents, and characteristics—once kids become aware of these, they can tune into these positive aspects in difficult situations.

You will need some large pieces of paper, drawing materials, and some space for the group.

Start by inviting the kids to think of things that they can do well, and which make them feel good about that ability. For example, this could be running really fast or able to pick out different types of birds.

You can then play a round of ‘I am good at…’, in which kids take turns to chat about these things by finishing the sentence. If you find that one or more children don’t feel they can respond, ask another kid to step in with something they believe that person does well.

Then, talk about how learning is a lifelong activity—it’s something we never stop doing and we are always learning new skills. You can use this opportunity to go back over the things they’ve just said, which they didn’t have a few years ago. Share one of your own learning experiences and note any difficulties you encountered, but end with how satisfying it was to finally learn that skill.

End with a group round of ‘I can…’, giving the children a chance to re-affirm their beliefs in their strengths.

Kids can then break into smaller groups. In these, one child will lie on a piece of paper while the others draw around him or her, creating a body outline. Get the rest of the children to ‘decorate’ this body shape by drawing all the talents and skills they can see in that child. The final touch is that each group member can write a positive statement of encouragement and put it by the body outline.

These completed ‘body shapes’ are good to hang around the classroom, so kids can see them every day.

Find the I am and I can activity in full form as part of the Northern Ireland Curriculum.

2. Getting Organized

Another great self-reliance activity for children of writing age is getting them to schedule their own time.

This is a simplified exercise centered on individualism and personal responsibility, two of Emerson’s key foci. Of course, you can flexibly adapt the difficulty and independence level of the timetabling approach to suit a certain young person’s particular needs and their level of development.

It’s as simple as asking them to create their own timetable for reaching their weekly, monthly, annual, or long-term goals. Children can use this activity to learn that getting there in the future means organizing now. They can also get affirmation about their achievements by logging when they accomplish a certain task or goal.

Headings that you may find useful for a timetable include:

Subject – Kids can write the theme of their goal, and you can use homework as one idea, or broader life goals as another.

Assignment/Responsibility – Another possibility is ‘Change I want to Make’, although this would ideally accompany another category encompassing ‘Steps I can take to make the change’ (Polk Mentoring Alliance, 2008: 18).

Due Date; and

Completed – Where the child can have a visible reminder of their accomplishments.

3. Personal Mission Statement

The PDF we just introduced in the last exercise also has some resources for children to create their own personal mission statements.

However, we thought it would be nice to provide a template that teenagers and older children might be able to benefit from.

Personal Mission Statements also ask a young person to think about who they are, what they represent, what they want to accomplish, and why. They encourage self-reliance by inviting the writer to look inside themselves and seek their own values and beliefs.

This resource is more of a framework than a template, and it asks the young person to answer three questions so they can craft their own statement:

  1. Outline your perfect day with unlimited resources. Describe as much as you can about your passions and interests.
  2. Imagine you’re happily surrounded by your family at the age of 150. What would you tell them about the most important things in life?
  3. Pretend it’s a significant milestone at a later stage in life; maybe you’ve turned 30, 50, or 80. The press asks you to summarize your accomplishments and think about what you’d hope your colleagues, peers, and family to say when discussing you. How would you like to have made a difference in their lives?

The next part is for the writer to review the answers to these questions. The idea is that these should give them valuable help to answer the questions above. That is, as noted above: who they are, what they represent, what they want to accomplish, and why.

This PDF from Humboldt State University is the outline for the exercise in its full form.

The Self-Reliance Scale

So how is self-reliance measured? One assessment sometimes used by therapists and teachers is called the Self-Reliance Scale.

The Self-Reliance Scale (SRS) is one measure in the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-3) (Sandoval & Echandia, 1994). The BASC-3 itself is a tool for assessing whether school-age children of 3 to 18 years old may require extra support for their emotional and behavioral functioning (Pearson Clinical, 2019).

Utilized in both clinical and educational contexts, the BASC is sometimes administered by educators, and sometimes by parents. If you have come across this assessment before, you’ll know that it contains several scales, one of which is used to measure Self-Reliance.

Specific self-reliance items taken directly from the BASC-3 include the following (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2015: 19):

  • I am someone you can rely on;
  • I can solve difficult problems by myself;
  • If I have a problem, I can usually work it out;
  • Others ask me to help them;
  • I am dependable;
  • My friends come to me for help;
  • I am good at making decisions; and
  • I am reliable.

Youths taking the BASC-3 usually give a self-report answer on either a Likert scale or they can give a True-False answer. Usually, the forms take only a few minutes to administer in total. You can find the sample report by Pearson Clinical, which was put together by Dr. Kamphaus and the late Dr. Reynolds.

Self-Reliance and Transcendentalism

Want to know more about Transcendentalism and how it’s linked to self-reliance?

What is Transcendentalism?

The Transcendentalism movement is generally acknowledged as having begun around 1820-1836 in New England.

Not to be equated with Transcendental Meditation, which is a practice, Transcendentalism is described by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Goodman, 2003) as:

“an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson”

Several key ideas underpin this movement, with one of the original sense that individual purity can be ‘corrupted’ by society; that institutions thus (negatively) impact on how the individual mentally ‘forms’ their perspectives and experience of the world around them (Grusin, 1991; Goodman, 2003).

(Video) Be Self Reliant : Be Responsible to Yourself | Jim Rohn

This latter concept may be familiar if you’ve read the work(s) of Immanuel Kant, who famously distinguished between ‘perception’ and ‘intuition’ (Kant, 1949).

To be uncorrupted, therefore, Transcendentalism advocates individualism. And this links back to positive psychology in, frankly, quite a beautiful way. Put simply, we can choose to ignore, invalidate, or dismiss the (sometimes negative, some would argue false) information we perceive from society. This gives us the power, academics argue, to transform ourselves, as well as the world in which we live (Díaz & González, 2012).

Transcendentalism in Self-Reliance

Emerson believed that societal pressures—institutions and others—were responsible for a lot of conformist behavior. In fairly rough terms, his view was that children alone don’t succumb to these pressures. In fact, he describes the “nonchalant boy” as the only kind of self-reliant individual who offers “independent, genuine verdict” (McClelland, 2011).

The idea that one can rely on his or her own judgment, choices, and be free from these societal influences is to be self-reliant. As such, according to Transcendentalism and Emerson, it’s better to trust yourself. In some cases, if not most or all cases, to trust yourself over and above what others believe.

Recommended YouTube Videos

As well as the original text in audio format, here are some lovely videos that explain the concept and its benefits.

1. Self-Reliance By Ralph Waldo Emerson | Animated Book Summary

This video is a review of Emerson’s original essay in audiobook format, plus some explainers. Please note, there’s a swear word thrown in.

Nonetheless, it’s nicely animated, and provides a concise overview of some key concepts, four of which are:

  1. Taking responsibility (which comes along with accountability);
  2. Being informed about the environment you’re in;
  3. Knowing your direction and the steps required to reach your goal; and
  4. Making autonomous decisions.

2. Self Reliance, by Ralph Waldo Emerson, Essay Audiobook, Classic Literature

Here’s the actual essay itself, which is in the public domain. You can listen to the whole thing in its entirety, which lasts a little over an hour.

3. Emotional Dependency vs. Self-Reliance

This is another lovely animation that talks about looking within yourself and reducing your reliance on others. The key takeaways are that awareness is a first step, and that self-reliance can impart a sense of emotional freedom.

4. PNTV: Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson

Brian Johnson makes video podcasts about personal growth books on his channel Philosophers Notes TV. In this clip, he takes five key concepts of self-reliance and discusses them in a pretty nice mini-talk.

It’s interesting to see how different people interpret Emerson’s original essay in diverse ways, yet the core principles are pretty clear.

5. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Life

It’s hard not to learn all about self-reliance and not find out more about what shaped the person behind the concept. This is a very short 2-minute video that features some quotes from Emerson, along with biographical facts about the man’s life.


If videos aren’t your thing, you may appreciate some quotes on self-reliance. Hopefully, there will be something you find useful, inspirational, or help you develop your own self-reliance.

Good and bad are but names very readily transferable to that or this; the only right is what is after my constitution, the only wrong what is against it.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

I am no bird; and no net ensnares me: I am a free human being with an independent will.

Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre

Freedom (n.): To ask nothing. To expect nothing. To depend on nothing.

Ayn Rand, The Fountainhead

Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice.

Steve Jobs

You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself in any direction you choose. You’re on your own. And you know what you know. And YOU are the one who’ll decide where to go.

Dr. Seuss

Moral autonomy appears when the mind regards as necessary an ideal that is independent of all external pressures.

Jean Piaget

Remember, you and you alone are responsible for maintaining your energy. Give up blaming, complaining and excuse making, and keep taking action in the direction of your goals – however mundane or lofty they may be.

Jack Canfield

There is no dependence that can be sure but a dependence upon one’s self.

John Gay

It is easy in the world to live after the world’s opinion; it is easy in solitude to live after our own; but the great man is he who in the midst of the crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

You don’t have to worry about burning bridges if you’re building your own.

Kerry Wagner

The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be.

(Video) The Ultimate GUIDE to Be Self-Reliant - How to Develop Valuable SKILLS! | Clint Emerson Interview

Ralph Waldo Emerson

The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself.

Friedrich Nietzche

Tradition: a cage for the free spirit.

Marty Rubin

You cannot help people permanently by doing for them, what they could and should do for themselves.

Abraham Lincoln

Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind. Absolve you to yourself, and you shall have the suffrage of the world.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.

Margaret Mead

Always remember you are braver than you believe, stronger than you seem, and smarter than you think.

Christopher Robin

Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves.

Marie Curie

Have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

Steve Jobs

Foolish faith in authority is the worst enemy of truth.

Albert Einstein

The best lightning rod for your protection is your own spine.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.

Henry David Thoreau, Walden

To find yourself, think for yourself.


A Take-Home Message

Today we’ve thought about what it means to be self-reliant. As well as having a look at the concept in positive psychology, we’ve touched a bit on how Ralph Waldo Emerson contributed so much to the concept through his work.

If you’ve wondered why the idea is so important, hopefully, you’ll find some of what we’ve considered to be of use—the ideas of independent thought and using your own beliefs to guide you.

You can develop self-reliance by learning to be yourself, practicing making your own judgments, and holding your own values. As you use these to guide you towards your goals, remember not to underestimate the power of your own intuition. Don’t be afraid to be yourself.

Hopefully, some of our exercises have been helpful and guided you towards further reading. It’s a fascinating topic!

As always, we’d more than love to hear any of your thoughts or comments. Feel free to share them just below!

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our 3 Self Compassion Exercises for free.

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  • Tomlin, C.R. (2008). 10 Ways to Create Self-Reliant Learners. Retrieved from http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=503
  • Ulstad, K., Owen, G., and Mortenson, R. (2008). The Self-Reliance Achievement Scale (SRAS). Retrieved from https://www.wilder.org/sites/default/files/imports/SRAS_Statewide_3-08.pdf
  • Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  • Warburton, G. (2016). Ask More, Tell Less: A Practical Guide for Helping Children Achieve Self-Reliance. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press.
(Video) Ralph Waldo Emerson on Self Reliance, Cultivating Your Genius and The Curse Of Society


What is self reliance and why is it important? ›

Self-reliance is the social and economic ability of an individual, a household or a community to meet essential needs (including protection, food, water, shelter, personal safety, health and education) in a sustainable manner and with dignity.

What are the 4 steps to self-reliant? ›

Let's figure them out.
  1. Assume Responsibility. This simply means taking blames for things that are your fault. ...
  2. Be Informed. The next step to developing self-reliance is to be informed. ...
  3. Know where you're going. The last two steps to self-reliance are inter-connected. ...
  4. Make your own decisions.
Apr 22, 2017

What is self-reliant development? ›

Self-reliant rural development means to strengthen or reinforce the available resources (five capitals) without disturbing such independent lives of the rural population and to maintain as well as improve their livelihood (enhancement of the sustainability of lives) while assisting the rural population to enhance their ...

What are the main points of self-reliance? ›

Self-Reliance | Main Ideas
  • "Trust Thyself" and Change the World. The heart of Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Self-Reliance" is the exhortation to "trust thyself," a deceptively simple-sounding admonition. ...
  • Resist Conformity. ...
  • Divine Providence.

What is self-reliance and example? ›

Self reliance is the ability to depend on yourself to get things done and to meet your own needs. An example of self reliance is growing your own food. noun. 15. The capacity to rely on one's own capabilities, and to manage one's own affairs; independence not to be dependent.

Who is a self reliant person? ›

Definition of self-reliant

: having confidence in and exercising one's own powers or judgment.

How do you become self reliant in difficult times? ›

Part of being self-reliant is undertaking certain responsibilities that enable people to experience independence. Doing simple things such as paying your bills on time, cleaning up after yourself if you make a mess, and going to work or school on time can help you feel more responsible and self-reliant.

How can we promote self reliance in the community? ›

Six ways to promote self-reliance in your community
  1. Support your local farmers.
  2. Shop/buy local.
  3. Volunteer/Teach your skills.
  4. Get to know your neighbours.
  5. Join or create a community Facebook page.
  6. Vote/Be politically active and informed.
Jun 6, 2022

What is self-reliance answer? ›

uncountable noun. Self-reliance is the ability to do things and make decisions by yourself, without needing other people to help you.

How do you become your own person? ›

10 Ways To Always Be Yourself And Live Happily
  1. Don't Aim to Please Others. ...
  2. Don't Worry About How Others View You. ...
  3. Learn More About Yourself. ...
  4. Appreciate Who You Are. ...
  5. Be Confident with Who You Are. ...
  6. Forgive Yourself. ...
  7. Stop Being Negative About Yourself. ...
  8. Find a Hobby That You Love.

How do you become self reliant in difficult times? ›

Part of being self-reliant is undertaking certain responsibilities that enable people to experience independence. Doing simple things such as paying your bills on time, cleaning up after yourself if you make a mess, and going to work or school on time can help you feel more responsible and self-reliant.

How do you become your own person? ›

10 Ways To Always Be Yourself And Live Happily
  1. Don't Aim to Please Others. ...
  2. Don't Worry About How Others View You. ...
  3. Learn More About Yourself. ...
  4. Appreciate Who You Are. ...
  5. Be Confident with Who You Are. ...
  6. Forgive Yourself. ...
  7. Stop Being Negative About Yourself. ...
  8. Find a Hobby That You Love.

I Combing decades of outdoor self-reliance knowledge and primitive skills experience, our staff is made up of an array of talent and mastery. The Certified Pathfinder Instructors are highly trained in the skills and methodology of The Pathfinder System, anybody other than a Certified Pathfinder Instructor is neither en

The Certified Pathfinder Instructors are highly trained in the skills and methodology of The Pathfinder System, anybody other than a Certified Pathfinder Instructor is neither endorsed by The Pathfinder School nor qualified to teach The Pathfinder System.. Dave is the Co-Owner & Supervising Instructor of The Pathfinder School in Southeast Ohio, which USA Today named one of the Top 12 Survival Schools in the United States.. Dave is a New York Times bestselling author of Bushcraft 101, Advanced Bushcraft, The Bushcraft Guide to Trapping, Gathering and Cooking in the Wild, along with Bushcraft Illustrated and co-author of Bushcraft First Aid.. Dave's previous experiences include: Operated a Commercial Reptile Farm, Worked as an Animal Control Officer (State of Florida), Net Diver on Commercial Fishing Vessel (Florida), worked in Auto Industry as a Quality & Production Control Engineer (Six Sigma Black Belt Certification), Self Employed Hunting Guide & Survival Instructor, and is also a US Army Veteran.. She then carried her love for the craft back to the U.S. training under various experts in the fields of emergency and wilderness survival and in November 2021, she received the Advanced Survival Skills certificate and patch from the Pathfinder School LLC.. Andrew Ogle Instructor Andrew is a survivalist with nearly 17 years of wilderness survival and instructor experience.. Andrew is currently employed as an Instructor for the Pathfinder School LLC and can be reached via his YouTube Channel “Ranger Survival and Field Craft” and social media pages of the same name.. Gordon Dedman Associate Instructor, Pathfinder School Worldwide – Australia Over the past 15 years Gordon has pursued his passion for bushcraft and survival and its many related areas and skill sets, through education via an extensive list of courses, both military and civilian, and practice of skills in a wide variety of countries worldwide.. He has had the opportunity to train at and complete numerous bushcraft survival courses at some of the leading schools in the world, such as Dave Canterbury’s Pathfinder School (USA), Paul Kirtley's Frontier Bushcraft School (UK), Ray Mears Woodlore Bushcraft School (UK), Lofty Wiseman’s Trueways Survival School (UK), Bushlore Australia Wilderness School (QLD) and Bob Cooper’s Outback Survival School (WA).. Jesper Hede Associate Instructor, Pathfinder School Worldwide – Scandinavia Jesper Hede is the owner of Bushcraft Denmark, the leading provider of Bushcraft, Survival and wilderness classes and expeditions in Denmark and the only bushcraft store in Scandinavia, Bushcraft Butikken.. Jesper has an academy profession degree of outdoor education and more than 20 years experience in bushcraft and survival and is the lead instructor of his school.


A variety of IoT sensors including Light sensors, Accelerometer, Position sensors, Temperature sensors, Proximity sensors, Humidity sensors, Pressure sensors, Infrared sensors, Chemical sensors, gas sensors, gyroscope, etc.. In this context, aligning with the national policy of AtmaNirbhar Bharat, it is essential to develop a manufacturing ecosystem for IoT sensors, in India, with design and technology capabilities for the sustainable growth of Indian industries.. To make and brand the Indian sensor market as self-reliant and globally appealing, we have initiated a project to establish a Center of Excellence (CoE), which would specifically target at Intelligent Internet of Things (IIoT) sensors.. However, with the advent of Industry 4.0, the use of intelligent sensors is on the rise, with most sensors requiring self-correcting units and intelligent data processing getting offloaded to the sensor nodes.. The main objective of the project is to establish a Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Kochi, adjacent to Electronics incubator facilities of Maker Village, by utilizing the complementary sensor research, development and applications expertise at Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), Thrissur, and Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management-Kerala (IIITM-K), Trivandrum.. of Kerala in association with the electronics industry .The application domains of the CoE would be developed with support from industry partners, including start-ups at Maker Village as well as those in the Kerala Start up Mission ecosystem.. ·To create the state-of-the-art facilities for: (a) sensor manufacturing, (b) intelligent sensor system hardware and AI software development, and (c) comprehensive compliance testing.. ·To provide business and mentorship support to Startup companies along with the facilities to realize an industry standard product solution with Intelligent IoT sensors.. The CoE has already developed a few sensor products with IoT capability, and is in the process of developing many more with close interaction with industries and end-users.. Some of the IoT sensor devices developed at CoE in IIoT sensors is given below.. The CoE is engaged in developing various IIoT sensors including temperature sensors, humidity sensors, pressure sensors, strain sensors, proximity sensors, pH sensors, gas sensors, etc.. The CoE in IIoT sensors is intended to develop an ecosystem in our country for the Intelligent IoT sensors and devices, by synergizing the capabilities of research institutions, academic institutes, manufacturing industries and end-users.. Box: The CoE in IIoT sensors is intended to develop an ecosystem in our country for the Intelligent IoT sensors and devices, by synergizing the capabilities of research institutions, academic institutes, manufacturing industries and end-users

A special effort must be made in the country to promote a research-oriented culture — in human resources, industry, academia and scientific institutions

By the 1970s, India emerged as a leading nation among developing countries, at par with if not ahead of China and other East Asian countries except Japan.. However, there are very few battery manufacturers in India.. Will any Indian firm also conduct R&D, as all global battery manufacturers do, and must, to survive given the rapid technological changes afoot in EV batteries?. The state should invest in R&D especially in state-sector labs, research institutions and PSUs and, where necessary, bring in private sector entities with autonomous R&D and manufacturing capabilities, with willingness to make significant collaborative investments.. Self-reliance in India and the 4IR. How were the States formed and how has the Indian map changed since 1947?

Canning salsa verde is the perfect way to preserve a bumper crop of tomatillos.  Pull a jar out of the pantry for a tasty dip, use it as a tomatillo enchilada sauce, or add a

Canning salsa verde is the perfect way to preserve a bumper crop of tomatillos.. Green sauce (Salsa Verde) is a spicy sauce traditionally made with tomatillos, onions, and lime juice.. This recipe for canning tomatillo salsa is a safe tested recipe that comes from So Easy to Preserve , which is put out by the University of Georgia.. Most tested tomatillo salsa recipes use white vinegar instead of lime juice, which results in a harsh flavor (in my opinion).. I was really happy when I found a tested recipe for canning tomatillo salsa without vinegar, and I think the lime works wonderfully in the finished green sauce.. It’s important to note that while some studies suggest that tomatillos are acidic enough for water bath canning, the other ingredients in this recipe are not.. Both onions and peppers are low acid foods, and they require the lime juice in this recipe for safe water bath canning.. Ingredients for Canning Tomatillo Sauce ~ Do not adjust proportions!. I couldn’t say how long, since there’s no tested recipe for pressure canning tomatillo sauce, but my best guess would be to follow instructions for pressure canning onions which require 40 minutes at 10 pounds pressure (under 1000 feet in elevation).. In theory, if you omit the low acid ingredients (onions, garlic, chili, and spices) it’s possible to just can tomatillo puree with a water bath canner with no other ingredients.. There are studies that show that tomatillos are acidic enough for canning on their own without added acidity.. Know that there’s no specific tested recipe for canning tomatillo puree, the only tested recipe is for canning whole tomatillos in water.. Canning salsa verde is the perfect way to preserve a bumper crop of tomatillos.. 5 cups tomatillos, husked & chopped 1 1/2 cups bell pepper or other sweet pepper, chopped 1/2 cup hot peppers, chopped (such as jalapeno) 4 cups onion, diced 1 cup lime juice (or lemon juice) 1 whole garlic bulb, peeled and minced 1 Tbsp.. Do not adjust the proportions of ingredients in the recipe if you intend on canning green sauce.

Uninvolved parenting — also called neglectful parenting — occurs when a parent only provides the essentials of food, shelter, and clothing for their child and doesn't meet emotional or social needs. We'll tell you about the consequences that may result.

Because of a lack of affection, uninvolved parents aren’t interested in their child’s school work, activities, or events.. A lack of affection and attention at a young age can lead to low self-esteem or emotional neediness in other relationships.. The study found at those raised by authoritative and permissive parents experienced more homesickness than those raised by authoritarian and uninvolved parents.. While some parents take every opportunity to nurture and offer affection, an uninvolved parent may feel disengaged or detached from their baby.. In the case of a young child, an uninvolved parent may show little interest in artwork their young child creates, or they may ignore the child as they excitably talk about their day.

Productivity quotes help inspire preparation, prioritization, and planning and lead to accomplishment. Don't delay: see these inspiring quotes NOW!

To be productive you need to be actively working at reaching all of your goals and doing so in a manner as efficient as possible.. This section of quotes on being productive reminds us that all effort is not created equal.. The question is: What are we busy about?” – Henry David Thoreau. “Sometimes the biggest gain in productive energy will come from cleaning the cobwebs, dealing with old business, and clearing the desks—cutting loose debris that’s impeding forward motion.” – David Allen. Unexpected things happen and become obstacles to getting the job done in a timely manner.. Below are some of the best motivational productivity quotes for dealing with these obstacles.. “When someone tells me “no,” it doesn't mean I can't do it, it simply means I can't do it with them.” ”– Karen E. Quinones Miller. Regardless, for now, here are some motivational quotes on productivity.. If there is a single key to being productive this is it: planning.. If you plan your work effectively chances are great that you will also be very productive.. “Tomorrow is the most important thing in life.. “No matter how great the talent or efforts, some things just take time.. 79 quotes on productivity.. Motivation not just to get the job done, but to get it done as efficiently as possible to either give yourself well deserved personal time or the time to accomplish even more.


1. Journey to Self-Reliance: From Theory to Practice
(Center for Global Development)
2. Developing Self-Reliance (1951)
(Inter-Pathé History)
3. What does it mean to be self-reliant?
(Jon Jandai Life is Easy)
4. TAP 433 - How To Develop Self-Reliance
(Tim JP Collins)
5. The New Self-Reliance
(Matt D'Avella)
6. PNTV: Self-Reliance by Ralph Waldo Emerson (#378)
(Brian Johnson)

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