Security Culture Framework | KnowBe4 Research (2023)

The Security Culture Framework is a free and open framework, methodology and philosophy to work with security culture.Created by Kai Roer, Chief Research Officer at KnowBe4 and maintained by a global community, the SCF is used by hundreds of organizations around the world to build and maintain security culture.

(Video) Leveraging Organizational Change to Build a Strong Security Culture

The Security Culture Framework provides you with a great resource for building and maintaining security culture and awareness, based on best practices from around the world.

Security Culture Framework | KnowBe4 Research (3)

Security Culture Framework | KnowBe4 Research (4)

A Framework

The SCF is a framework and offers a scaffolding to set up and manage your security culture process in your organization. Instead of replacing your activities and current campaigns, the SCF shows you where and when to conduct the needed steps to build culture.

(Video) How do you measure and report security culture change? | Cyber Work Podcast

A Methodology

The SCF offers a methodology consisting of an over-arching process, and iterative campaigns. Following the SCF method, you start building culture right away, with what you have. As you progress, so does your culture.

(Video) Kai Roer on the KnowBe4 2020 Security Culture Report

A Philosophy

Improving security culture is about building something better. The SCF is a strong proponent for positive psychology, using incentives to form the social behaviors that creates the security culture. Fear is a weak builder of security, trust is a strong one!

(Video) How to improve the security culture at your organization | Cyber Work Podcast

Compliance Matter

Following a structured, repeatable approach to building and maintaining security culture makes compliance a brief. When using the SCF, you document compliance with standards, regulations and contracts.


What is the security culture framework? ›

The security culture framework (SCF), coined by Kai Roer, is a globally used methodology for creating a company culture for security, building awareness, and best practices. The SCF indicates four key building blocks that organizations can implement to decrease cyber risks.

What are the 3 C's in security? ›

Precision in security requires the data to be integrated in order to produce context, correlation and causation. We call it the "Three C's of Security."

How do you measure security culture? ›

We measure security culture by gathering a lot of qualitative data to understand why people are doing what they're doing. It goes back to the classic “start with why,” and then crunching numbers from surveys. We use grounded theory to qualify the data we get back.

What is the security framework steps? ›

Framework Core

It consists of five functions, namely, Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover that are used to organize cybersecurity efforts. The five functions are further split into 23 categories covering topics related to cyber, physical, and personnel.

What is the purpose of a security framework? ›

Cyber security frameworks are sets of documents describing guidelines, standards, and best practices designed for cyber security risk management. The frameworks exist to reduce an organization's exposure to weaknesses and vulnerabilities that hackers and other cyber criminals may exploit.

What are the 4 P's in security? ›

In general, Information Security professionals suggest that protecting sensitive data requires a combination of people, processes, polices, and technologies.

What are the 5 basic security principles? ›

The U.S. Department of Defense has promulgated the Five Pillars of Information Assurance model that includes the protection of confidentiality, integrity, availability, authenticity, and non-repudiation of user data.

What are the three A's of security? ›

Authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) is a term for a framework for intelligently controlling access to computer resources, enforcing policies, auditing usage, and providing the information necessary to bill for services.

What are the four 4 major characteristics of safety cultures? ›

“Basically, they [employees] get their safety habits from work.” The four types of safety cultures are forced culture, protective culture, involved culture and integral culture.

What is a strong security culture? ›

A strong security culture not only interacts with the day-to-day procedures, but also defines how security influences the things that your organization provides to others. Those offerings may be products, services, or solutions, but they must have security applied to all parts and pieces.

What are examples of a strong security culture? ›

The biggest drivers of your security culture are often your security policies and how your security team communicates, enables and enforces those policies. If you have relatively easy to follow, common sense policies communicated by an engaging and supportive security team, you will have a strong security culture.

Which security framework is best? ›

ISO 27001/27002, also known as ISO 27K, is the internationally recognized standard for cybersecurity.

What are some of the benefits of adopting security frameworks? ›

It can help save you time by providing you a clear structure for taking action. With a framework, you can easily map where you are on your cybersecurity journey and to identify gaps so you can have clear, actionable conversations with stakeholders at your organization.

What are the 5 phases of the security life cycle? ›

Like any other IT process, security can follow a lifecycle model. The model presented here follows the basic steps of IDENTIFY – ASSESS – PROTECT – MONITOR. This lifecycle provides a good foundation for any security program.

What are the 4 C's of culture? ›

These four values or cultural elements are termed as 4Cs of culture, namely Competence, Commitment, Contribution, and Character.

What is the core value of safety culture? ›

In a strong safety culture, people value and expect a safe and healthy workplace, people in the workplace are considered to be the most valuable resource, and safety and health is valued along with productivity, quality and pay.

What are the 5 basic components of culture? ›

The major elements of culture are symbols, language, norms, values, and artifacts. Language makes effective social interaction possible and influences how people conceive of concepts and objects.

What are the 3 main components of culture? ›

Understand the basic elements of culture: values, beliefs, and norms.

Why security culture is important? ›

Developing and maintaining an effective and proactive security culture is an essential component of a protective security strategy, within any environment, and helps mitigate against a range of threats that could cause physical, reputational or financial damage to organisations.

How does culture influence security? ›

Individuals and small groups, basing their worldview on their own cultural consumption and acting on their own conception of reality, can pose security threats. The atomizing effects of technology help to secure their assumptions. And their influences can come from anywhere in the world.

What are the three influences on safety culture? ›

The largest influences on safety culture are:

management commitment and style. employee involvement. training and competence. communication.

What is an example of cultural framework? ›

For example, in Nazi Germany, Nazism was an ideology, while religious beliefs, patriotism and traditions dating back to Germanic and Frankish tribes were part of the German cultural framework.

What are the 5 pillars of security? ›

About us. The five pillars of security for evaluating a corporation's security are Physical, People, Data, and Infrastructure Security, and Crisis Management.


1. Webinar: Staff awareness: developing a security culture
(IT Governance Ltd)
2. The Security Culture Disconnect
3. The Cybersecurity Framework
(National Institute of Standards and Technology)
4. Security Culture: Why You Need One and How to Create It - Masha Sedova
5. Metrics of Enterprise Security Culture Change
(SANS Security Awareness)
6. Security Culture and Credential Sharing
(8th Layer Insights)
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