National Sustainable Development Plan 2016 to 2030 (Vanuatu 2030 The People's Plan) (2022)

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The Government of the Republic of Vanuatu extends its deepest appreciation to the many individuals, community leaders, organisations and institutions who provided valuable perspectives, ideas and support throughout the process that has given rise to this plan. The analysis and deliberations were greatly informed bythe national consultations.

The Government further extends its sincere grat itude for the dedicat ion and technical rigour of those who took part in the working groups, which were led by the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning and Aid Coordination.

The Final Technical Report on the National Sustainable Development Plan 2016 to 2030 details the important strategic context behind the national goals and their policy objectives, as well as the background and process for development. This is complemented by the Implementation and Monitoring FrameiNOrk for the National Sustainable Development Plan, which serves as the guide for implemen ting, moni toring and reporting on this plan.

The drafting of this plan and the supporting background context reports was undertaken by multiple authors, and was coordinated by the Department of Strategic Policy, Planning and Aid Coordination.

All contributions and support received are gratefully acknowledged and warmly appreciated.

Produ ced by the Departm ent of Str ategic Policy, Planning and Aid Coordination

Republic of Vanuatu

Port Vila, November 2016

Front cover image by Dan McGarry

VANUATU 2030

THE PEOPLE'S PLAN

National Sustainable Development Plan 2016 to 2030

Contents

Foreword

A vision for the Vanuatu we want

1

National Sustainable Development

Goals

9

Society Pillar

10

Environment Pillar

13

Economy Pillar

16

How we will implement, monitor and report 19

Foreword

On behalf of the people and government of Vanuatu, I am delighted to present to you Vanuatu 2030 I The People's Plan as our National Sustainable Development Plan for the period 2016 to 2030.

This plan builds on the progress made and lessons learned under the Priorities and Action Agenda, which guided our national development efforts between 2006 and 2015, and the Millennium Developme nt Goals, which also expired in 2015.

Vanuatu 2030 charts the country's vision and overarching policy framework for achieving a Stable, Sustainable and Prosperous Vanuat u within the next fifteen years, and in doing so sets out the natio nal priorities and context for the implem entation of the new global Sustainable Development Goals over the sam e period.

The national vision and the framework for action outlined in this plan have been informed by th e priorities voiced by our people, their community and elected representati ves, the private sector and civil society over the course of a three-year consult atio n programme undertaken across the whole count ry. Our united voices articulate what we want for ourselves, our children, future generations and our country.


This is an ambitious plan. The government is committed to its implemen tat ion and monitoring, and to reporting on its progress. Success, howeve,r is dependent on collective ownership of the plan and collaborative partnerships between the people, government, community leaders, businessesand civil society. Our development partners will also need to ensure their programmes are aligned to the natio nal vision, goals and policy objectives in this plan.

Prime Minister

A vision for the Vanuatu we want

Building a stable, sustainable and prosperous nation

Our people and place are at the very heart of our development aspiratio ns. Together we strive for a nation that is stable, sustainable and prosperous, so that all people have a just and equal opportunity to be well educated, healthy and wealthy. Just as we strive to progress in a way that protects and preserves our natural resources for our children, and theirs.

Vanuatu 2030 is our National Sustainable Development Plan for the period 2016 to 2030, and serves as the country's highest level policy framework. It is founded on our culture, traditional knowledge and Christian principles, and builds on our development journey since Independence in 1980. We have already achieved a great deal, as we have encount ered many difficul ties and setbac ks, some from natural disasters . Our most recent national plan, the Pri orities and Action Agenda 2006-2015 sought to deliver a just, educated , healthy and wealthy Vanuatu. It was the first concerted attempt to link policy and planning to the limited resources of government. As we look ahead to the next 15 years, we now seek to further extend the linkages between resources, policy and plannin g to the people and place they exist to serve. In effect our development journey remains on the same course, but we are upgrading the vehicle to get us there in a more holistic and inclusive way.

Throughout the extensive public consultations that informed this plan, Ni-Vanuatu resoundingly called for a balance between the social, environmental and economic pillars of sustainable development , with our cultural heritage as the foundation of an inclusive society. In the consultations we discussed our biggest development challenges and their solutions. We did not come up with all the answers, but the national vision and policy framework described in these pages charts a pathway towards improved wellbeing and greater shared prosperity.

= NATIONAL VISION ----------------------

A stable, sustainable and prosperous Vanuatu

stable · not likely to change or fail; firmly established

[ just, secure, safe, steady, strong]

Covers political, policy, programme and economic instability that have been viewed as major constraints that need to be addressed in order to deliver the aspirations articulated by the people of Vanuatu.

sustainable· able to be maintained at a certain rate or level

[ not adversely impact on future generations or our environment]

Refers especially to ensuring resilience and the effective long-term management of our natural, financial and human resources.

prosperous · bringing wealth and success

[ thriving, flourishing, strong, affluent, expanding, wealthy, well off]

We want to improve the general wellbeing of our people, and ensure everyone has the opportunity to be well educated, healthy and wealthy.

In setting our national vision for a stable, sustainable, and prosperous Vanuatu by 2030, people have asked for new ways of thinking about , and implemen ting, development strategies. This calls on our elected and community leaders to focus on stability in politics, policy and the economy so that development serves the wider population and national interest, and not just a select few. It requires safeguarding the remarkable natural assets we have been blessed to inherit, and which serve as the bedrock of our identity. With steady political guidance and deep respect for our environment we can positively transform our country, solve current problems, and come up with new ways of working to improve the lives and livelihoods of our people. The indivisible connections between culture and the social, environmental and economic pillars of development are reflected in our aspirations, and how we will deliver our national vision.

A vibrant cultural identity underpinning a peaceful, just and inclusive society

For Vanuatu, development is much more than just acquiring material wealth. The country was founded on Melanesian values of respect, harmony, unity and forgiveness. These values shape our cultural heritage, which is the country's stren gth. They are expressed through our oral traditions, languages, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, traditional knowledge,and our deep connections with our ancestors, land and place, as well as the skills to be productive with our natural resources. Our development must be firmly anchored to these values that holds our society together .

Community, family and kinship ties serve as the primary social safety net, especial ly for the young, the elderly, people with disabilities and other vulnerable people. We must ensure no one is disenfranchised from these traditional safety nets, while also enabling the state to fulfil its core responsibility to protect and deliver essential services to its population. With limited resources available, the state will continue to foster ever stronger partners hips with civil society, churches, communi ty based groups, NGOs, and the private sector to underpin traditional safety nets and support basic service delivery.

There can be no development without peace, just as peace is threatened in the absence of sustainable and equitable development. Vanuatu has an enviable record of building and maintaining a peaceful society with strong traditions of justice and respect for the rule of law. We live in an increasingl y globalised context. More than ever we need to balance the interface between formal and traditional governance systems, and traditional peacebuilding and reconciliation practices and our judicial and security institution s. We also need to ensure everyone can live in peace and harmo ny at home and in their communities by ending all forms of violence against women and children.

OUR DEVELOPMENT ASPIRATIONS

A vibrant cultural identity underpinning a peaceful, just and inclusive society;

Supported by responsive and capable state institutions delivering quality public services, including health and education, to all citizens;

Maintaining a pristine natural environment on land and at sea that serves our food, cultural, economic and ecological needs;

With enhanced resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and natural disasters; and

A stable economy based on equitable, sustainable growth that creates jobs and income earning opportunities accessible to all people in rural and urban areas .

Responsive and capable state institutions delivering quality public services to all citizens

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Striving for better governance and public adminis tration is an aspiratio n that featured prominently during our public consultations and outreach. Parents expect better quality education for their childre n, not just formal learning but life skills and vocational train ing to prepare them for work. Across the board there were calls to improve the quality and distribution of healthcare facilities, and for better access to essential services and utilities such as modern energy sources, safe drinking water and sanitat ion. People need these services to empower their families and communities to fulf ill their contributions to society and realise their ambitions. Building and strengthening institutiona l capacity is essential if we are to take control of our own destiny, and ensure an inclusive, representati ve and responsive state. People need to have confidence that their voices shape government action, and that action is working to improve general wellbeing and living conditions for all. The people of Vanuatu have made it clear that means focusing on stability and accountability across our public institutions. It also requires adequately resourcing and supporti ng our public officials so they are equipped to serve the needs of our citizens in both our rural areas and rapidly growing urban centres.

A pristine natural environment on land and at sea serving our food, cultural, economic and ecological needs

As custodians of a unique chain of islands and expansive ocean we have an inherent responsibliity to protect and preserve our natural resources. The Constitution explicitly obligates everyone to protect and safeguard nation al resources and the environment for the present and future generatio ns. This is not only the right thing to do, it is funda mental to our wellbeing and prosperity. We need to realise th e true cultural, economic and social value of our natural capit al, biodiversity and ecosystems. Togeth er with our ancestors we have lived in harmony with our natural surroundings for many millennia. Today we face increasing development pressures exacerbated by globalisation and the decline of traditional resource governance. These pressures threaten the very environment that secures the basics of life - food, water and energy systems. Our rich natural beauty also presents a key to our shared prosperity, including through a wealth of natural tourism assets.

Integrating sound environmental and waste management into our social and economic progress is cruc ial to meeting our national vision. With environmental degradation a common global challenge, Vanuatu has the potential to be a world leader in blue-green growth and sustainable development. In return we will seek to capitalise on the rapid advances in technology and innovation that can complement traditional knowledge to better utilise our natural assets on land and at sea to ensure our food security, maintain our cultural identity, and enhance our economic prospects. We can and must do this without destroying our ecosystems and biodiversity.

Enhanced resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and natural disasters

We now live amidst the harsh reality of climate change, which not only threatens to erode the development gains we have achieved, it makes progress all the more difficult and will increasingly do so. We further recognise that we are not responsible for the causes of climate change, and cannot manage its effects on our own. We will continue to work on the international stage to bolster global mitigation measures, especially by those who contribute most to the problem.

We will marshal support to enhance our resilience and adapti ve capacity to the impacts of natural and man-made disasters, including increasingly more intense, more frequent, and more prolonged extreme weather events. We will also continue to draw on our rich history of resilience and risk reduction that stems from our traditional knowledge and practices, particularly in relation to food production and preservati on.

An economy based on equitable, sustainable growth that creates jobs and income earning opportunities accessible to all people in rural and urban areas

Sustained, inclusive and equitable growth requires policies that help create decent jobs, which recognise and respect the rights of workers, and enable other income earn ing opportuniti es, especially for our young people. That means ensuring that everyone has access to the social and physical infrastructure they need to grow and prosper, includin g access to qu ality educati on and skills tr ainin g, healthcare, water andsanitation, and affordable elect ricity, transport and telecommunications. Businesses also need reliab le infrastructure, together with an enabling policy and regulator y environment that is conducive to invest, start-up a business, trade, innovate and respond to emerging opportunities. Ni-Vanuatu entrepreneurs need access to credit and financial services at affordable rates. We also need to ensure that we receive fair and sustainable returns from our land and ocean based resources. We must value and grow both the formal and informal sectors of the economy so that no one is left behind. There are no quick and easy ways to create jobs and income earni ng opportunities for everyone. It takes prolonged and deliberate action. Our limited resources requires greater prioritisation of spending, while keeping expenditure pre ssures to manageable levels. Put simply, our people expect limited govern ment resources to be put to better use. Attention particularly needs to be given to our rural areas, which have for too long suffered from an infrastr ucture and services deficit. At the same time we can do more to take advantage of the rapid growth of our urban centres, which with good management can be the engines for business and innovation; providing jobs, inspiration and growth.

From vision to action

Together we have articulated an ambitious but achievable vision for a stable, sustainable, and prosperous Vanuatu by 2030. With the right policies, investments and collective commitmen t we can translate our development aspirations into reality. The following pages outline the national sustainable development goals and policy objectiv es to translate the vision into specific pri orities th at can be act ioned. They provide a fram ework in which we can track and report on our progress.

The Final Technical Report on the National Susta inable Development Plan 2016 to 2030 details the important strategic context behind the goals and policy objectives. It also provides the detailed background to the consultative process that led to the final document, and explains th e key issues under each goal. This is complemented by the Implem entation and Monitoring Framework for the Nationa l Sustainable Development Plan to guide the execution of this plan. The implementation and monitoring framework details the planning processes necessary to ensure the goals and policy objectives are embedded across every part of government and its partnerships with civil society, the private sector and development agencies. It also outlines the process to ensure that there will be regular tracking and reporting on our progress towards achieving our national vision. This is a national plan for all people, and we all must take responsibili ty for its implementation.

SOCIETY PILLAR

ENVIRONMENT PILLAR

ECONOMY PILLAR

Vibrant cultural identity

Strong and Effective Institutions

Food and Nutrition Security

  • Growth
  • Management

Stable and Equitable Growth

  • re
  • opportunities

The society pillar seeks to ensure we maintain a vibrant cultural identity underpinning a peaceful, just and inclusive society that is supported by responsive and capable institutions, delivering quality services to all citizens.

Vibrant cultural identity

A nation based on traditional governance and Christian principles, which underpin our culture and continue to bestow life skills and knowledge to future generations

Policy objectives: SOC 1.1 Promote and protect indigenous languages

II QualityEducation

Preserve and enhance cultural and traditional knowledge, including appropriate medicines, natural remedies and healing practices Conserve sites of cultural and historical significance

Strengthen links between traditional and formal governance systems Strengthen the role of churches in the provision of community services Integrate culture and heritage into the national curriculum

Safeguard the traditional economy as a valued means of contributing to the wellbeing of the population and complementing the formal economy

An inclusive, equitable and quality education system with life-long learning for all

Policy objectives:

SOC 2.1 Ensure every child, regardless of gender, location, educational needs or circumstances has access to the education system

SOC 2.2 Build trust in the education system through improved performance management systems, teacher training, and the reliable delivery of quality services

SOC 2.3 Formalise early childhood education and life-long learning opportunities within the education system

SOC 2.4 Increase higher education opportunities, including technical and vocational training and skills

Quality Health

A healthy population that enjoys a high quality of physical, mental, spiritual and social well-being

Policy objectives:

SOC 3.1 Ensure that the population of Vanuatu has equitable access to affordable, quality health care through the fair distribution of facilities that aresuitably resourced and equippedSocial Inclusion

Reduce the incidence of communicable and non-communicable diseases

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Promote healthy lifestyle choices and health seeking behaviour to improve population health and well-being

Build health sector management capacity and systems to ensure the effective and efficient delivery of quality services that are aligned with national directives

An inclusive society which upholds human dignity and where the rights of all Ni-Vanuatu including women, youth, the elderly and vulnerable groups are supported, protected and promoted in our legislation and institutions

Policy objectives: SOC 4.1 Implement gender responsive planning and budgeting processes

Prevent and eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against women, children and vulnerable groups

Empower and support people with disabilities

Define the roles, responsibilities and relationships between the state, churches , traditional leaders and communities in safeguarding human rights and protecting traditional values and Christian principles

Ensure all people, including people with disabilities, have access to government services, buildings and public spaces

Provide opportunities, support and protection services for youth and children as valued members of society

Encourage participation in physical activities and develop a safe and inclusive sports system that serves as a vehicle for community cohesion, education, health, leadership and fair play

Security, Peace and Justice

A society where the rule of law is consistently upheld, and access to timely justice is available to everyone

Policy objectives:

Ensure all people have timely and equitable access to independent, well-resourced justice institutions

Establish and implement a National Anti-Corruption Framework

Build the institutional capacity of national security forces and ensure they are adequately resourced to meet performance targets

Protect our Exclusive Economic Zone through effective maritime security and monitoring

Strengthen links between traditional and formal justice systems and the role of chiefs in maintaining peace and stability

Policy objectives:

SOC 6.1 Enhance the capacity and accountability of public officials, and ensure the impartiality and effectiveness of performance management systems

Reform state owned enterprises and statutory bodies to improve performance that is aligned to government priorities

Enact political reforms that promote stability, accountability, constituency representation and civic engagement

Strengthen national institutions to ensure they are cost-effective and well-resourced to deliver quality public services

Strengthen local authorities and municipal institutions to enable decentralised service delivery

Strengthen physical planning and management to meet the service delivery needs of a growing population

Guarantee the public's right to information

Coordinate donor resources to align with national objectives

Strengthen research, data and statistics for accountability and decision-making

ENVIRONMENT GOALS & POLICY OBJECTIVES

The environment pillar seeks to ensure a pristine natural environment on land and at sea that continues to serve our food, cultural, economic and ecological need,sand enhance resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change and natural disasters.

Food and Nutrition Security

A nation that ensures our food and nutrition security needs are adequately met for all people through increasing sustainable food production systemsand improving household production

Policy objectives: ENV 1.1 Increase agricultural and fisheries food production using sustainable

practices to ensure sufficient access to affordable and nutritious food

ENV 1.2 Promote aelan kaikai as a key part of a sustainable and nutritionally balanced diet

Blue-Green Economic Growth

Reduce reliance on food imports through import substitution for food products that can be produced domestically

Improve access to appropriate technology, knowledge and skills in food production, preservation and storage

Enhance trad itional agricultural pract ices, focusing on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

An economy which fosters sustainable growth and development through low impact industries and modern technologies to ensure the well-being of future generations

Policy objectives:

ENV 2.1 Increase access to knowledge, expertise and technology to enact our blue-green growth strategies

ENV 2.2 Ensure new infrastructure and development activities cause minimal disturbance to the natural land and marine environment

ENV 2.3 Promote renewable sources of energy and promote efficient energy use

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Climate and Disaster Resilience

Reduce waste and pollution through effective waste management and pollution control

Strengthen environmental institutions and governance to meet national and international obligations

Ensure adequate financial resources to support our sustainable development aspirations

A strong and resilient nation in the face of climate change and disaster risks posed by natural and man-made hazards

Policy objectives:

ENV 3.1 Institutionalise climate change and disaster risk governance, and build institutional capacity and awareness

ENV 3.2 Improve monitoring and early warning systems

Natural Resource Management

Strengthen post-disaster systems in planning, preparedness, response and recovery

Promote and ensure strengthened resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related, natural and man-made hazards

Access available financing for climate change adaptation and disaster risk management

A nation which utilises and sustainably manages our land, water and natural resources

Policy objectives:

ENV 4.1 Strengthen local authorities and municipal planning authorities to enact and enforce land use planning laws and regulations

ENV 4.2 Protect vulnerable forests, watersheds, catchments and freshwater resources, including community water sources

ENV 4.3 Prevent land degradation and downstream environmental damage from mineral resource extraction

ENV 4.4 Promote the sustainable development of the fisheries sector that values the protection and conservation of marine and freshwater resources

ENV 4.5 Reduce and prevent the degradation and erosion of foreshore and coastal areas

ENV 4.6 Reduce deforestation and ensure rehabilitation and reforestation is commonplace

ENV 4.7EcosystemsandBiodiversity

Build capacity and support local communities to manage natural resources

A nation committed to ensuring the conservation and sustainable management of our biodiversity and ecosystems

Policy objectives:

ENV 5.1 Protect biodiversity and ecosystems and their significant role in our culture, society and environment

ENV 5.2 Create and manage conservation and protected areas

ENV 5.3 Support local conservation and protection of endangered, threatened or endemic species and ecosystems including though traditional knowledge and practices

ENV 5.4 Protect our borders and environment through effective customs and biosecurity services

ENV 5.5 Increase awareness on biodiversity conservation and environmental protection issues across government and publicly

ENV 5.6 Enhance environmental monitoring, evaluation and research with relevant, open and transparent data sharing among relevant agencies

ECONOMY GOALS & POLICY OBJECTIVES

The economy pillar seeks to ensure we have a stable economy based on equitable, sustainable growth that creates jobs and income earning opportunities accessible to all people in rural and urban areas.

Stable andEquitable Growth

A stable and prosperous economy, encouraging trade, investment and providing economic opportunities for all members of society throughout Vanuatu

Policy objectives:

ECO 1.1 Promote stable growth through responsible fiscal, and a counter-cyclicalmonetary policy targeting stability in inflation

Improve Infrastructure

Improve government revenue generation

Ensure public debt is sustainably managed and finances are directed towards projects with positive economic returns

Increase trade and investment opportunities and reduce barriers, including through the use of Aid-for-Trade

Increase access to markets for Vanuatu exports

Require all new trade agreements to demonstrate tangible benefits in the national interest

Stimulate economic diversification to spread the benefits of growth and increase economic stability

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Ensure financial sector stability and make financial services affordable and accessible for all through pursuing financial inclusion strategies

Promote financial literacy and consumer empowerment

Sustainable and well-maintained infrastructure and services for all, through inclusive and effective partnerships

Policy objectives:

ECO 2.1 Increase access to safe, reliable and affordable modern energy services for all that are increasingly generated from renewable sources and reduce reliance on imported fossil fuels

Strengthen Rural Communities

Ensure all people have reliable access to safe drinking water and sanitation infrastructure

Ensure that all public infrastructure, including health, education and sports facilities are safe, accessible, secure and maintained in compliance with building codes and standards

Enact clear infrastructure governance, legislative frameworks and standards for resilient infrastructure and maintenance

Improve partnerships and the cost effective use of resources to ensure sustainable asset management and maintenance

Provide equitable and affordable access to efficient transport in rural and urban areas

Ensure compliance with international conventions and standards for safe and secure transport

Establish effective partnerships that facilitate the development of the private sector and rural communities as service suppliers in the provision of transport and the infrastructure sector

Increase use of and access to information and communications technologies, including on-line government services

A strong rural economy that creates opportunities, enables the development of rural communities and increasingly contributes to national prosperity

Policy objectives:

ECO 3.1 Promote broad-based growth by strengthening linkages between tourism, infrastructure, agriculture and industry in rural areas and diversify the rural economy

ECO 3.2 Deepen the integration of the tourism sector into the rural economy to spread opportunities to rural communities

ECO 3.3 Improve access to markets through quality infrastructure, utilities, storage and processing facilities in rural areas

ECO 3.4 Increase primary sector production, including through extension services and cooperatives

ECO 3.5 Improve the collection, analysis and dissemination of market data on the rural economy and communities

ECO 3.6 Improve the provision of government services in rural areas

Create jobs and business opportunities

An enabling business environment, creating opportunities and employment for entrepreneurs throughout Vanuatu

Policy objectives: ECO 4.1 Create an improved business environment with a stable regulatory

framework, which promotes competition, protects consumers, attracts investment, and reduces the costs of doing business

ECO 4.2 Strengthen linkages between urban and rural business and promote trade between islands

ECO 4.3 Increase production and processing of niche commodities, and value addition to commodities in which Vanuatu enjoys

a comparative advantage

ECO 4.4 Improve and expand the range of sustainable tourism products and services throughout Vanuatu and strengthen links to local production

ECO 4.5 Increase the number of decent, productive employment opportunities, particularly for young women and men and people with disabilities

ECO 4.6 Ensure the health and safety, employment rights and skills development of the workforce

ECO 4.7 Increase labour mobility nationally and internationally, including through the collection and analysis of comprehensive labour market data

ECO 4.8 Ensure processes for acquiring and using land for economic activity provides a stable platform for investment and business growth

ECO 4.9 Strengthen dialogue between government and the private sector, and enact a robust governance framework for effective partnerships

How we will implement, monitor and report

The National Sustainable Development Plan is much more than just this document. It includes the extensive consultation processes that informed it, together with background analysis and strategic context documented in the Final Technical Report on the National Sustainable Development Plan 2016-2030, and complemented by the Implementation and Monitoring Framework for the National SustainableDevelopment Plan. Together, these components will serve to improve service delivery and the functions of governmen t.

The national sustainable development goals and policy objectives are the overarching guide for govern ment planning over the next 15 years. Together they articulate a path for Vanuatu to emerge as a much stronger nation, renewing our traditions and values, and creating economic opportunities for all. The implementation of the goals will depend on a strengthened social contract between government and the people it serves. It requiresthe active partici pation of civil society, the private sector and our international development part ners.

The national vision is bold, yet achievable. We are not starting from scratch. Implementation will be informed by the lessons of what was and was not achieved under the Priorities and Action Agenda. This learning is an integral part of Vanuatu 2030, and should continue to inform the design of new policy responses and actions to address our development priori ties.

The goals and policy objectives will be delivered through coordinated and interlinked governmen t planning and service delivery. The annual plans and work programmes of line ministries and local authori ties will elaborate on the policy objectives for which they are responsible. Sector plans will need to be updated to align with the priorities and development aspirat ions of Vanuatu 2030. This transi t ion will likely highlight structural changes to the 'machinery of government' so that it is best equipped to plan, resource and deliver necessary services and activities. The ministerial planning cycle is well established, linking the three-year corporate plans and annual business plans to medium-term strategies. This plan will strengthen the link between these and the long-term national vision, which in turn will guide annual budget allocations.

Ongoing monitoring and evaluat ion forms an integral part of the implementation of this plan. All of the policy objectives are backed up by specific targets and measurable indicators, which are detailed in the Implementation and Monitoring Framework for the National Sustainable Development Pla n. The targets and indicators are action oriented and, while maintaining a high level of ambition, take into account capaci ty realities and other resource constraints. Regular follow up and review against the targ ets and indicato rs will further help to identify specific means to address constraints, and advance realistic progressagainst our objectives. This approach is focused both on ensuring timely and reliable information is available to inform ongoing planning, resourcing and delivery of activities, as well as informing annua l progress reports on outcomes and impacts.

The Annual Development Report will be the principal means of communicating progressagainst th is plan, as it has been for previous plans. The process of data collection and analysis to populate the annual report will need to be further embedded into the regular activities of line ministries and local authorities. Responsible agencies will be supported to establish the baseline data, and to establish report ingtemplates to best track progress against the targets and indicators. This will not only inform the annual report, but will also provide essential feedback to the people responsible for making decisions, programming act ivities and deliveri ng services.

In this way, Vanuatu 2030 will be a functional 'living process' allowing implementat ion plans to respond to changing circumstances and new opportunities that emerge over the life of the plan.

Putting this plan into effect will necessitate a tran sformative shift from business as usual. Working through a whole of government approach across the three pillars of sustainable development will need a renewed focus on building and strengthenin g institutiona l capacity. It also requires strong coordination of the partnerships with business, civil society, development agencies and donors, aligning their contributio ns to national priorities and ensuring programme delivery takes place th rough national systems.

This is the people's plan. To achieve our national vision, the words on these pages must translate into action on the ground in villages and urban centres across the country.

This is the people's plan. To achieve our national vision, the words on these pages must translate into action on the ground in villages and urban centres across the country.

Videos

1. Van_KIRAP Project - Climate Resilience of Food Production systems in Agriculture & Coastal Fisheries
(VANKIRAP KIRAP)
2. Regional online launch of ESD for 2030 Roadmap: Asia and the Pacific
(UNESCO)
3. The Vanuatu Voluntary National Report 2019
(Raet Blong Save)
4. 75th Commission : PLENARY - Agenda Item 2
(United Nations ESCAP)
5. APFSD 6 : Voluntary National Reviews
(United Nations ESCAP)
6. Sustainable Solutions – Implementing the 2030 Agenda
(Stockholm Environment Institute)

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