10 Intrapersonal Communication Examples & Types (2023) (2023)

10 Intrapersonal Communication Examples & Types (2023) (1)

Intrapersonal communication refers to a person’s internal dialogue and self-talk that can be conscious or subconscious.

This pivotal metacognitive process grants individuals greater self-knowledge and comprehension of themselves. It is essential to self-reflection and self-development.

People do self-talk in various ways, and it can be in the form of words, images, physiological sensations, or emotions. Examples of intrapersonal communication include positive affirmations, goal setting, or even negative thoughts.

This inner or ‘private speech’ not only assists us in comprehending our own conduct and emotions, but also the behavior and sentiments of those around us.

Intrapersonal Communication Definition

Intrapersonal communication is an individual’s own personal dialogue and reflection within themselves (Liddicoat & Scarino, 2013).

Such a dialogue occurs through several channels, such as self-talk, affirmations, visual representation, motivation, or other inner feelings.

Debasis (2009) states that in intrapersonal communication:

“…the individual communicates in his mind through the process of thinking and feeling” (p. 13).

This is a cognitive process that allows one to contemplate their internal dialogue and understand themselves better.

According to Singh (2020),

“…the basis of intrapersonal communication is the human body and the conscience and externalism situated inside it” (p. 82).

It means that people can interact with their own thoughts and feelings through the use of their bodies and their consciousness.

This is a critical ability that allows one to perceive themselves with greater clarity, make sound decisions, and become emotionally perceptive.

Intrapersonal Communication Examples

  • Self-reflection: Through deep introspection, one can gain insight into oneself and their thoughts and emotions. Self-reflection allows someone to identify their strengths and weaknesses while also comprehending what leads to successes or failures in life.
  • Self-motivation: Intrapersonal communication involves motivating oneself. It could be through positive affirmations or self-encouragement before embarking on a challenging task. Affirmations like “I can do this” or “I am capable of achieving this” help to boost confidence and self-belief.
  • Goal setting: By setting achievable goals, individuals can clearly determine where they want to be in the future. These could include short-term or long-term objectives and plans on how to reach those goals. Then, by writing down or saying these goals out loud, the individual can create a mental map to guide them in life.
  • Imagination: Through intrapersonal communication, individuals can easily tap into their creative side to discover new ideas and brainstorm solutions to any challenge they may face. It is a process that facilitates the exploration of alternatives, allowing them access to an abundance of potential pathways leading toward innovation and progress.
  • Meditation: Through meditation, individuals can cultivate an inner sense of peace by becoming more mindful and aware of the present moment. Not only does this practice permit for calming down one’s internal dialogue, but it also buffers against any criticism or judgment from occurring too. Guided visualization, affirmations, and a positive mindset are just some of the approaches that help to relax both body and mind.
  • Daydreaming: Daydreaming is a form of self-expression and imagination where one can explore their wishes and desires. Daydreaming can help people to develop new perspectives, relax and reduce stress, or even to come up with creative solutions.
  • Writing: Writing is an excellent way for individuals to express themselves and gain clarity. It’s an effective tool for documenting one’s thoughts, feelings, and experiences. So, writing can help one to analyze their inner dialogue and gain insight into themselves.
  • Problem-solving: Intrapersonal communication can involve identifying and resolving internal problems. It could be anything from managing stress to improving self-confidence. Problem-solving involves questioning one’s beliefs, analyzing the situation, and using critical thinking to develop successful solutions.
  • Self-talk: This is the internal conversation people have with themselves. Such discussions can be positive or negative and shape an individual’s behavior. Self-talk helps to promote self-awareness and maintain a sense of control.
  • Vocalization: Speaking aloud can help understand one’s thoughts and feelings. People may talk to themselves out loud or say affirmations to keep motivated. Vocalization can also provide a sense of clarity and confidence.

Intrapersonal Communication vs. Interpersonal Communication

Intrapersonal communication is an internal dialogue with yourself, while interpersonal communication occurs between two or more people.

The distinction is clear: one happens inside a person’s head, and the other occurs in conversations outside of it (Steinberg, 2007).

Intrapersonal communication is invaluable for anyone looking to comprehend themselves better, achieve self-assessment, achieve self-discipline, achieve self-regulation, nurture meaningful relationships, and recognize their talents and what drives them (Debasis, 2009).

(Video) What is Interpersonal & Intrapersonal Communication ? Urdu / Hindi

It includes conscious activities such as positive affirmations, goal setting, imagination, mediation, daydreaming, writing, problem-solving, self-talk, and vocalization.

Through this process, individuals can create a strong sense of self and become better equipped to handle any situation that life sends them. They can also establish emotional stability and clarity to communicate effectively with others.

On the other hand, interpersonal communication is exchanging ideas and feelings between two or more people. It involves verbal and non-verbal cues, such as body language, facial expressions, and eye contact (Steinberg, 2007).

Interpersonal communication is essential for creating meaningful relationships and understanding different points of view. It also allows individuals to act as better communicators and listeners, providing openness and empathy in their interactions.

Types of Intrapersonal Communication

The three main types of intrapersonal communication include self-awareness, perception, and expectations.

1. Self-Awareness

Self-awareness is all about how we view ourselves. It helps to form our identity and influences how we interact with others.

It also provides clarity on our values, strengths, and weaknesses.

For instance, one must recognize their anger to control it. The same goes for fear or sadness, as one must understand and accept those emotions before they can be managed and transformed (Disha Experts, 2020).

2. Perception

Perception is the way people interpret their environment and other individuals.

It involves recognizing how their thoughts, feelings, and behavior are impacting their lives, as well as the lives of others (Disha Experts, 2020).

When an individual has a perception about something, they are often able to identify potential opportunities and challenges. It helps them develop better problem-solving skills and take more creative approaches to their decisions.

3. Expectations

Expectations are an individual’s hopes, dreams, and aspirations for their present or future.

This type of intrapersonal communication helps people to set realistic goals and strive for success. It also serves as a source of motivation for staying on track with their plans (Disha Experts, 2020).

For example, a person may expect to finish a project within a specific timeframe or to reach a particular milestone in their career.

By setting expectations, people can recognize their own potential and make the most of it. It can lead to a more positive attitude and higher self-confidence.

Advantages of Intrapersonal Communication

Intrapersonal communication enhances decision-making abilities and problem-solving skills, increases self-awareness, and engenders clarity of thought as well as a heightened sense of assurance in one’s own capabilities.

(Video) Interpersonal communication vs Intrapersonal communication

1. Better Decision-Making

When individuals understand their values, strengths, weaknesses, and motivations, they are in a better position to make decisions that are in line with these.

It could mean taking risks to achieve greater success or avoiding situations that may not be beneficial (Deveci & Nunn, 2018).

Human minds are created to make decisions quickly and smartly.

Consequently, having great intrapersonal communication skills facilitates individuals in thoroughly evaluating the advantages and drawbacks of any situation before making a beneficial decision.

2. Improved Problem-Solving Skills

Intrapersonal communication is a powerful tool that can help individuals tap into their unique life experiences, values, and objectives to find creative solutions when faced with difficult challenges (Deveci & Nunn, 2018).

In addition, it helps them think critically, allowing for more logical problem-solving approaches.

Visualization is an ideal example of how intrapersonal communication helps to improve problem-solving abilities.

By picturing themselves in a particular situation, individuals can use their imagination to uncover potential solutions that might not have been visible otherwise.

3. Heightened Self-Awareness

Self-awareness is the basis of intrapersonal communication. It helps people to understand their emotions and behavior, as well as how they are impacting the people around them.

Heightened self-awareness can lead to improved mental health, better relationships, and a greater sense of purpose. It can also help to reduce stress and anxiety as individuals become more aware of their limitations and learn how to manage their emotions.

4. Increased Sense of Clarity and Confidence

Finally, intrapersonal communication can help individuals to gain a stronger sense of clarity and confidence.

It can manifest itself in different ways, such as being less afraid of failure or having the courage to take risks.

Additionally, it can also lead to better acceptance of mistakes and a higher motivation to strive for success. All these factors contribute to an increased sense of self-confidence and fulfillment.

Intrapersonal Communication and Cognitive Development in Childhood

According to sociocultural theorist Lev Vygostky, children develop intrapersonal communication, or in his words ‘private speech’, somewhere between the ages of 3 and 7.

Vygotsky postulated that pre-verbal children’s thinking must be entirely separate from language. Before a child understands language, their thought processes much be entirely non-verbal.

Once a child learns to understand language and speak, they begin to translate their thoughts into words in order to articulate themselves.

(Video) Grapevine Communication Demo

Soon enough, the child begins to internalize language and think using language:

“Intra-personal speech constitutes a second plane of speech activity in which thought and word are brought into relation.”

By this stage, thinking becomes verbal, leading to inner speech, which helps facilitate complex and well-structured intrapersonal thinking processes.

Interestingly, this theory also opens us up to the point that language shapes intrapersonal communication. Or, in other words, the structure of language shapes how we think. Given that language is gendered, compartmentalized, and even biased, it poses the question: If we thought in a different language, would our intellect, morals, and values be different?


Intrapersonal communication can be defined as the internal dialogue that takes place between oneself and their inner thoughts, values, and emotions.

Individuals proficient in this type of inner speech are renowned for their creativity and originality, thanks to their capacity to visualize solutions, make sound decisions, and mediate conflicts.

In addition, it will lead to better decision-making, improved problem-solving skills, increased self-confidence, and a greater sense of purpose in life.


Debasish, S. S. (2009).Business communication. Prentice-Hall of India.

Deveci, T., & Nunn, R. (2018). Intrapersonal communication as a lifelong learning skill in engineering education.Yuksekogretim Dergisi,8(1), 68–77. https://doi.org/10.2399/yod.17.009

Disha Experts. (2020).20 sets UGC NET 2019 paper 1 phase I & II solved papers. Disha Publications.

Liddicoat, A., & Scarino, A. (2013).Intercultural language teaching and learning. Wiley-Blackwell.

Singh, P. (2020).Communication: Theory and practice. Vani Prakashan.

Steinberg, S. (2007).An introduction to communication studies. Juta.

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Viktoriya Sus (MA)

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Viktoriya Sus is an academic writer specializing mainly in economics and business from Ukraine. She holds a Master’s degree in International Business from Lviv National University and has more than 6 years of experience writing for different clients. Viktoriya is passionate about researching the latest trends in economics and business. However, she also loves to explore different topics such as psychology, philosophy, and more.

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Chris Drew (PhD)

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This article was peer-reviewed and edited by Chris Drew (PhD). The review process on Helpful Professor involves having a PhD level expert fact check, edit, and contribute to articles. Reviewers ensure all content reflects expert academic consensus and is backed up with reference to academic studies. Dr. Drew has published over 20 academic articles in scholarly journals. He is the former editor of the Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education and holds a PhD in Education from ACU.

(Video) Communication Skills: Empathetic Listening - Inside Out, 2015


What are 10 examples of intrapersonal communication? ›

The ability to silence your internal monologue to experience other types of consciousness.
  • Introspection. The ability to examine your own character, spirit, thoughts, emotions and behavior.
  • Intuition. ...
  • Emotion. ...
  • Rational Thought. ...
  • Counterfactual Thinking. ...
  • Heuristics. ...
  • Imagination.
Dec 21, 2018

What are some examples of intrapersonal communication? ›

Intrapersonal communication serves several social functions. Internal vocalization, or talking to ourselves, can help us achieve or maintain social adjustment. For example, a person may use self-talk to calm himself down in a stressful situation, or a shy person may remind herself to smile during a social event.

What are the 5 types of communication intrapersonal? ›

There are five forms of communication: intrapersonal, interpersonal, group, public, and mass communication.

What is intrapersonal communication answer? ›

Unlike interpersonal communication, which is exchanged between two or more people, intrapersonal communication is communication with oneself. There are many other names for the same concept – self-talk, internal monologue, inner speech, inner experience, and internal discourse.

What are the 10 intrapersonal characteristics? ›

Intrapersonal (“within the self”) skills are the internal abilities and behaviors that help you manage emotions, cope with challenges, and learn new information.
What they are
  • self-confidence.
  • resilience.
  • self-discipline.
  • persistence.
  • openness to new ideas.
  • the ability to overcome distractions.
  • time management.
Mar 30, 2020

What are the 10 elements of interpersonal communication? ›

2.2: Elements of Interpersonal Communication
  • Learning Outcomes.
  • Sender.
  • Receiver.
  • Message.
  • Channel.
  • Feedback.
  • Environment.
  • Noise. Mindfulness Activity. Key Takeaways. Exercises.
May 18, 2022

What are the 7 types of interpersonal communication? ›

Let's look at these interpersonal communication concepts in greater detail.
  • Verbal. Whenever you talk or even make an audible sound (like “hmm” of “Ahh!” for example), you're creating verbal communication. ...
  • Listening. ...
  • Written Communication. ...
  • Non-Verbal Communication. ...
  • Phone Calls. ...
  • Meetings. ...
  • Presentations. ...
  • Emails and Texting.
Sep 1, 2022

What are 5 examples of interpersonal? ›

If you're looking for ideas and examples, here is a list of the most common interpersonal skills:
  • Awareness (of yourself and others)
  • Caring about other people.
  • Collaborating and working well together with others.
  • Comforting people when they need it.
  • Clear communication skills.
  • Conflict management and resolution skills.
Nov 24, 2022

What are the six 6 types of interpersonal communication? ›

Bateman and Zeithaml identified six main styles of interpersonal communication that are used in business settings: controlling, egalitarian, structuring, dynamic, relinquishing, and withdrawal.

What are the 8 types of communication process? ›

Steps of the Communication Process
  • Developing the Message.
  • Encoding the Message.
  • Selecting the Channel.
  • Message Transmission.
  • Decoding the Message.
  • Feedback.
  • Learning Effective Communication.
Oct 18, 2021

What is intrapersonal type of speech? ›

Intrapersonal communication is the process by which an individual communicates within themselves, acting as both sender and receiver of messages, and encompasses the use of unspoken words to consciously engage in self-talk and inner speech.

What is intrapersonal simple? ›

: occurring within the individual mind or self.

What is an example of an interpersonal communication *? ›

When you take the time to ask your friend about weekend plans, or your colleague invites you to dinner, or you exchange text messages with a friend—all these are examples of interpersonal communication. This type of communication is essential to connecting and building connections.

What are the 8s of interpersonal communication? ›

Interpersonal communication involves the information, ideas, and feelings being exchanged verbally or non-verbally between two or more people. Face-to-face communication often involves hearing, seeing, and feeling body language, facial expressions, and gestures.

What are the four aspects of intrapersonal communication with example? ›

Three aspects of intrapersonal communication are:
  • Self-Concept.
  • Perception.
  • Expectation.

What are the 5 characteristics of interpersonal communication? ›

Researchers distinguish interpersonal communication by outlining five of its key characteristics:
  • It involves independent individuals. ...
  • It involves self-disclosure, or revealing personal thoughts, feelings, and reflections.
  • It is rational. ...
  • It involves personal choice. ...
  • It is constant and inescapable.
Jul 19, 2021

What is 10th communication? ›

What is Communication? Communication is a process that involves sending and receiving of messages through a verbal and non-verbal method. The sender sends a message, the receiver receives a message and sends it back with the feedback to the sender again.

What are 10 factors that facilitate communication? ›

Factors that enhance effective communication
  • Active listening.
  • Simplicity.
  • Straight forwardness.
  • Feedback.
  • Speaking clearly/articulation.
  • Knowledge of the receiver / audience.
  • Speed and sequence of speech.
  • Relationship between the sender and the receiver.
Jun 10, 2022

What are the 4 types of interpersonal communication styles? ›

Every person has a unique communication style, a way in which they interact and exchange information with others. There are four basic communication styles: passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive and assertive. It's important to understand each communication style, and why individuals use them.

What are the 4 most common types of communication? ›

After reading this guide, you will better understand the four main types of communication: Verbal, non-verbal, written, and visual.

What are the 4 types of interpersonal relationships? ›

An interpersonal relationship refers to the association, connection, interaction and bond between two or more people. There are many different types of relationships. This section focuses on four types of relationships: Family relationships, Friendships, Acquaintanceships and Romantic relationships.

What are the 3 examples of interpersonal skills? ›

Typical examples of interpersonal skills include empathy, active listening, and emotional intelligence. Interpersonal skills permeate all areas of life and are equally important in both personal and professional interactions.

What are the 7 examples of communication? ›

Using the 7 C's of communication, that is when you're clear, concise, concrete, correct, consider the speaker, complete and courteous, with your message, you will become an effective communicator and find more success in your interactions with people.

What are 5 communication examples? ›

Five Types of Communication
  • Verbal Communication. Verbal communication occurs when we engage in speaking with others. ...
  • Non-Verbal Communication. What we do while we speak often says more than the actual words. ...
  • Written Communication. ...
  • Listening. ...
  • Visual Communication.
Jul 12, 2018

What are the 6 types of communication with examples? ›

What are the different methods of communication?
  • Verbal communication.
  • Non-verbal communication.
  • Written communication.
  • Listening.
  • Visual communication.
Dec 15, 2021

What are the 6 types of communication explain? ›

As you can see, there are at least 6 distinct types of communication: non-verbal, verbal-oral-face-to-face, verbal-oral-distance, verbal-written, formal and informal types of communication.

What are the 3 main types of communication? ›

When communication occurs, it typically happens in one of three ways: verbal, nonverbal and visual. People very often take communication for granted.

What are the 13 communication tasks? ›

13 communication skills that will advance your career and make life easier
  • Clarity and conciseness. Being clear and concise is the crux of strong communication skills in the workplace. ...
  • The ability to listen. ...
  • Confidence. ...
  • Open body language. ...
  • Tactfulness. ...
  • Curiosity. ...
  • Empathy. ...
  • Open-mindedness.
Jun 12, 2018

What are the 7 main areas of interpersonal communication? ›

The seven Interpersonal Communication Skills that Drive IT Manager Success are:
  • Empathetic Listening: As an IT manager, one of your most important skills is your ability to listen. ...
  • Purposeful Questions: ...
  • Effective Articulation: ...
  • Difficult Conversations: ...
  • Conflict Resolution: ...
  • Influence: ...
  • Negotiation:
May 10, 2020

What are the 4 types of intrapersonal communication? ›

Three types of intrapersonal communication are self talk, self concept, and self love.

What are the 10 most used forms of communication? ›

The ten most used forms of communication at work are as follows:
  1. Face-to-face verbal communication. Face-to-face conversation can be carried on when speaking to any member personally while present in the same place.
  2. Emails. ...
  3. Telephones. ...
  4. Written reports. ...
  5. Group meetings. ...
  6. Announcements. ...
  7. Texting. ...
  8. Listening.
Oct 20, 2020

What is the 3 example of interpersonal communication? ›

Some examples of interpersonal communication skills include active listening, openness, and empathy.

What are the 8 elements of interpersonal communication? ›

The communication process involves understanding, sharing, and meaning, and it consists of eight essential elements: source, message, channel, receiver, feedback, environment, context, and interference.

What are the essential 10 social skills? ›

They are:
  • Listen to others.
  • Follow the steps.
  • Follow the rules.
  • Ignore distractions.
  • Ask for help.
  • Take turns when you talk.
  • Get along with others.
  • Stay calm with others.
Sep 27, 2007

What are the 8 most important communication skills? ›

Essential Communication Skills for Leaders
  1. Ability to Adapt Your Communication Style. ...
  2. Active Listening. ...
  3. Transparency. ...
  4. Clarity. ...
  5. Ability to Ask Open-Ended Questions. ...
  6. Empathy. ...
  7. Open Body Language. ...
  8. Receiving and Implementing Feedback.
Nov 14, 2019


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